Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Oxidant stress impairs in vivo reendothelialization capacity of endothelial progenitor cells from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: restoration by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist rosiglitazone


Sorrentino, Sajoscha A; Bahlmann, Ferdinand H; Besler, Christian; Müller, Maja; Schulz, Svenja; Kirchhoff, Nina; Doerries, Carola; Horváth, Tibor; Limbourg, Anne; Limbourg, Florian; Fliser, Danilo; Haller, Hermann; Drexler, Helmut; Landmesser, Ulf (2007). Oxidant stress impairs in vivo reendothelialization capacity of endothelial progenitor cells from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: restoration by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist rosiglitazone. Circulation, 116(2):163-173.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are thought to contribute to endothelial recovery after arterial injury. We therefore compared in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs derived from patients with diabetes mellitus and healthy subjects. Moreover, we examined the effect of treatment with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist rosiglitazone on oxidant stress, nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, and the in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic individuals.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic patients (n=30) and healthy subjects (n=10) was examined in a nude mouse carotid injury model. Superoxide and NO production of EPCs was determined by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Thirty patients with diabetes mellitus were randomized to 2 weeks of rosiglitazone (4 mg BID p.o.) or placebo treatment. In vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs derived from diabetic subjects was severely reduced compared with EPCs from healthy subjects (reendothelialized area: 8+/-3% versus 37+/-10%; P<0.001). EPCs from diabetic individuals had a substantially increased superoxide production and impaired NO bioavailability. Small-interfering RNA silencing of NAD(P)H oxidase subunit p47(phox) reduced superoxide production and restored NO bioavailability and in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic patients. Importantly, rosiglitazone therapy normalized NAD(P)H oxidase activity, restored NO bioavailability, and improved in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic patients (reendothelialized area: placebo versus rosiglitazone, 8+/-1% versus 38+/-5%; P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: In vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs derived from individuals with diabetes mellitus is severely impaired at least partially as a result of increased NAD(P)H oxidase-dependent superoxide production and subsequently reduced NO bioavailability. Rosiglitazone therapy reduces NAD(P)H oxidase activity and improves reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic individuals, representing a potential novel mechanism whereby peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonism promotes vascular repair.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are thought to contribute to endothelial recovery after arterial injury. We therefore compared in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs derived from patients with diabetes mellitus and healthy subjects. Moreover, we examined the effect of treatment with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist rosiglitazone on oxidant stress, nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, and the in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic individuals.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic patients (n=30) and healthy subjects (n=10) was examined in a nude mouse carotid injury model. Superoxide and NO production of EPCs was determined by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Thirty patients with diabetes mellitus were randomized to 2 weeks of rosiglitazone (4 mg BID p.o.) or placebo treatment. In vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs derived from diabetic subjects was severely reduced compared with EPCs from healthy subjects (reendothelialized area: 8+/-3% versus 37+/-10%; P<0.001). EPCs from diabetic individuals had a substantially increased superoxide production and impaired NO bioavailability. Small-interfering RNA silencing of NAD(P)H oxidase subunit p47(phox) reduced superoxide production and restored NO bioavailability and in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic patients. Importantly, rosiglitazone therapy normalized NAD(P)H oxidase activity, restored NO bioavailability, and improved in vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic patients (reendothelialized area: placebo versus rosiglitazone, 8+/-1% versus 38+/-5%; P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: In vivo reendothelialization capacity of EPCs derived from individuals with diabetes mellitus is severely impaired at least partially as a result of increased NAD(P)H oxidase-dependent superoxide production and subsequently reduced NO bioavailability. Rosiglitazone therapy reduces NAD(P)H oxidase activity and improves reendothelialization capacity of EPCs from diabetic individuals, representing a potential novel mechanism whereby peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonism promotes vascular repair.

Statistics

Citations

225 citations in Web of Science®
243 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 04 Nov 2013
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:04 Nov 2013 12:47
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:05
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0009-7322
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.684381
PubMed ID:17592079

Download