Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Attenuation of cardiac allograft vasculopathy by sirolimus: Relationship to time interval after heart transplantation


Matsuo, Y; Cassar, A; Yoshino, S; Flammer, A J; Li, J; Gulati, R; Topilsky, Y; Raichlin, E; Lennon, R J; Lerman, L O; Rihal, C S; Kushwaha, S S; Lerman, A (2013). Attenuation of cardiac allograft vasculopathy by sirolimus: Relationship to time interval after heart transplantation. Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 32(8):784-791.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess temporal changes in plaque size and components after heart transplantation (HTx), and to evaluate the differences in treatment effects on plaque progression between sirolimus and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs). METHODS: The study comprised 146 HTx recipients who were converted from CNIs to sirolimus as primary immunosuppressant (sirolimus group, n = 61) and those who were maintained on CNIs (CNI group, n = 85). A retrospective compositional analysis of serial virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound was performed. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 2.8 years, there was a significant difference in plaque volume in favor of sirolimus between groups (p = 0.004). When subjects were sub-classified according to the time interval between HTx and study inclusion, those in the early group (</=2 years after HTx) had a greater increase in plaque volume (p = 0.006), characterized by a higher progression rate of fibrous plaque volume (p = 0.01). The treatment difference between groups in plaque volume was identified in the early group in favor of sirolimus with attenuating effects on the progression of fibrous plaque component (both p = 0.03 for interaction). By contrast, there were significant differences in necrotic core and dense calcium volume (both p < 0.05 for interaction) in favor of CNIs in the late group (>/=6 years after HTx). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with continued CNI therapy, sirolimus attenuated plaque progression in recipients with early conversion, but contributed to increases in necrotic core and dense calcium volume in those with late conversion. Our study supports the hypothesis that early initiation of sirolimus offers greater benefits in the treatment of CAV.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess temporal changes in plaque size and components after heart transplantation (HTx), and to evaluate the differences in treatment effects on plaque progression between sirolimus and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs). METHODS: The study comprised 146 HTx recipients who were converted from CNIs to sirolimus as primary immunosuppressant (sirolimus group, n = 61) and those who were maintained on CNIs (CNI group, n = 85). A retrospective compositional analysis of serial virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound was performed. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 2.8 years, there was a significant difference in plaque volume in favor of sirolimus between groups (p = 0.004). When subjects were sub-classified according to the time interval between HTx and study inclusion, those in the early group (</=2 years after HTx) had a greater increase in plaque volume (p = 0.006), characterized by a higher progression rate of fibrous plaque volume (p = 0.01). The treatment difference between groups in plaque volume was identified in the early group in favor of sirolimus with attenuating effects on the progression of fibrous plaque component (both p = 0.03 for interaction). By contrast, there were significant differences in necrotic core and dense calcium volume (both p < 0.05 for interaction) in favor of CNIs in the late group (>/=6 years after HTx). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with continued CNI therapy, sirolimus attenuated plaque progression in recipients with early conversion, but contributed to increases in necrotic core and dense calcium volume in those with late conversion. Our study supports the hypothesis that early initiation of sirolimus offers greater benefits in the treatment of CAV.

Statistics

Citations

14 citations in Web of Science®
15 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:01 Nov 2013 09:13
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:05
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1053-2498
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2013.05.015
PubMed ID:23856215

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Article Networks

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations