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Value learning through reinforcement: the basics of dopamine and reinforcement learning


Daw, Nathaniel D; Tobler, Philippe N (2014). Value learning through reinforcement: the basics of dopamine and reinforcement learning. In: Glimcher, P W; Fehr, Ernst. Neuroeconomics: Decision making and the brain. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 283-298.

Abstract

In order to choose advantageously in many circumstances, the values of choice alternatives have to be learned from experience. We provide an introduction to theoretical and experimental work on reinforcement learning, that is, trial-and-error learning to obtain rewards or avoid punishments. We introduce one version, the temporal-difference learning model, and review evidence that its predictions relate to the firing properties of midbrain dopamine neurons and to activity recorded with functional neuroimaging in humans. We also present evidence that this computational and neurophysiological mechanism affects human and animal behavior in decision and conditioning tasks.

Abstract

In order to choose advantageously in many circumstances, the values of choice alternatives have to be learned from experience. We provide an introduction to theoretical and experimental work on reinforcement learning, that is, trial-and-error learning to obtain rewards or avoid punishments. We introduce one version, the temporal-difference learning model, and review evidence that its predictions relate to the firing properties of midbrain dopamine neurons and to activity recorded with functional neuroimaging in humans. We also present evidence that this computational and neurophysiological mechanism affects human and animal behavior in decision and conditioning tasks.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:05 Nov 2013 14:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:06
Publisher:Elsevier
Number:2. Ed.
ISBN:978-0-12-416008-8
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-416008-8.00015-2

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