Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

High potency of indolyl aryl sulfone nonnucleoside inhibitors towards drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase mutants is due to selective targeting of different mechanistic forms of the enzyme.


Cancio, R; Silvestri, R; Ragno, R; Artico, M; De Martino, G; La Regina, G; Crespan, E; Zanoli, S; Hübscher, U; Spadari, S; Maga, G (2005). High potency of indolyl aryl sulfone nonnucleoside inhibitors towards drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase mutants is due to selective targeting of different mechanistic forms of the enzyme. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 49(11):4546-4554.

Abstract

Indolyl aryl sulfone (IAS) nonnucleoside inhibitors have been shown to potently inhibit the growth of wild-type and drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), but their exact mechanism of action has not been elucidated yet. Here, we describe the mechanism of inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) by selected IAS derivatives. Our results showed that, depending on the substitutions introduced in the IAS common pharmacophore, these compounds can be made selective for different enzyme-substrate complexes. Moreover, we showed that the molecular basis for this selectivity was a different association rate of the drug to a particular enzymatic form along the reaction pathway. By comparing the activities of the different compounds against wild-type RT and the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-resistant mutant Lys103Asn, it was possible to hypothesize, on the basis of their mechanism of action, a rationale for the design of drugs which could overcome the steric barrier imposed by the Lys103Asn mutation.

Abstract

Indolyl aryl sulfone (IAS) nonnucleoside inhibitors have been shown to potently inhibit the growth of wild-type and drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), but their exact mechanism of action has not been elucidated yet. Here, we describe the mechanism of inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) by selected IAS derivatives. Our results showed that, depending on the substitutions introduced in the IAS common pharmacophore, these compounds can be made selective for different enzyme-substrate complexes. Moreover, we showed that the molecular basis for this selectivity was a different association rate of the drug to a particular enzymatic form along the reaction pathway. By comparing the activities of the different compounds against wild-type RT and the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-resistant mutant Lys103Asn, it was possible to hypothesize, on the basis of their mechanism of action, a rationale for the design of drugs which could overcome the steric barrier imposed by the Lys103Asn mutation.

Statistics

Citations

14 citations in Web of Science®
14 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

81 downloads since deposited on 11 Feb 2008
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 November 2005
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 14:45
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
ISSN:0066-4804
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.49.11.4546-4554.2005
PubMed ID:16251294

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 410kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations