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Die japanische kommunale Selbstverwaltung im Wandel: Von zentralistischer Aufgabenübertragung zu Local Governance


Hüstebeck, Momoyo (2013). Die japanische kommunale Selbstverwaltung im Wandel: Von zentralistischer Aufgabenübertragung zu Local Governance. Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques, 67(2):511-540.

Abstract

Since 2000, a series of fundamental structural reforms have been implemented in Japan, increasing political autonomy and citizen participation on the municipal level. The Comprehensive Laws on Promoting Decentralization, put into effect by the national government in 2000, serve as the main pillar for current changes in local governance. The article examines the local output of devolution and fiscal decentralization, drawing on Japanese decentralization literature and employing case studies of two municipalities in the Tokyo metropolitan area. The analysis finds that administratively and fiscally decentralized local government structures are indispensable for enhancing political autonomy. Moreover, the case studies demonstrate that an active civil society and opportunities for political participation that offered by the municipalities are essential to strengthen local democracy. Although Japanese municipalities have not enhanced their local autonomy to the extent that devolution would permit, they pay more attention to citizens’ opinions and participation than before the reforms.

Abstract

Since 2000, a series of fundamental structural reforms have been implemented in Japan, increasing political autonomy and citizen participation on the municipal level. The Comprehensive Laws on Promoting Decentralization, put into effect by the national government in 2000, serve as the main pillar for current changes in local governance. The article examines the local output of devolution and fiscal decentralization, drawing on Japanese decentralization literature and employing case studies of two municipalities in the Tokyo metropolitan area. The analysis finds that administratively and fiscally decentralized local government structures are indispensable for enhancing political autonomy. Moreover, the case studies demonstrate that an active civil society and opportunities for political participation that offered by the municipalities are essential to strengthen local democracy. Although Japanese municipalities have not enhanced their local autonomy to the extent that devolution would permit, they pay more attention to citizens’ opinions and participation than before the reforms.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:Journals > Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques > Archive > 67 (2013) > 2
Dewey Decimal Classification:180 Ancient, medieval & eastern philosophy
290 Other religions
Language:German
Date:2013
Deposited On:15 Nov 2013 17:03
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:09
Publisher:Schweizerische Asiengesellschaft / Verlag Peter Lang
ISSN:0004-4717
Related URLs:http://www.sagw.ch/de/asiengesellschaft/publikationen/Asiatische-Studien.html (Publisher)
http://www.peterlang.com/index.cfm?vID=86850&vLang=D&vHR=1&vUR=4&vUUR=11 (Publisher)

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