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Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 1 (HSANI) caused by a novel mutation in SPTLC2


Murphy, Sinéad M; Ernst, Daniela; Wei, Yu; Laurà, Matilde; Liu, Yo-Tsen; Polke, James; Blake, Julian; Winer, John; Houlden, Henry; Hornemann, Thorsten; Reilly, Mary M (2013). Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 1 (HSANI) caused by a novel mutation in SPTLC2. Neurology, 80(23):2106-2111.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and neurophysiologic phenotype of a family with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 1 (HSANI) due to a novel mutation in SPTLC2 and to characterize the biochemical properties of this mutation.
METHODS: We screened 107 patients with HSAN who were negative for other genetic causes for mutations in SPTLC2. The biochemical properties of a new mutation were characterized in cell-free and cell-based activity assays.
RESULTS: A novel mutation (A182P) was found in 2 subjects of a single family. The phenotype of the 2 subjects was an ulcero-mutilating sensory-predominant neuropathy as described previously for patients with HSANI, but with prominent motor involvement and earlier disease onset in the first decade of life. Affected patients had elevated levels of plasma 1-deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySLs). Biochemically, the A182P mutation was associated with a reduced canonical activity but an increased alternative activity with alanine, which results in largely increased 1-deoxySL levels, supporting their pathogenicity.
CONCLUSION: This study confirms that mutations in SPTLC2 are associated with increased deoxySL formation causing HSANI.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and neurophysiologic phenotype of a family with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type 1 (HSANI) due to a novel mutation in SPTLC2 and to characterize the biochemical properties of this mutation.
METHODS: We screened 107 patients with HSAN who were negative for other genetic causes for mutations in SPTLC2. The biochemical properties of a new mutation were characterized in cell-free and cell-based activity assays.
RESULTS: A novel mutation (A182P) was found in 2 subjects of a single family. The phenotype of the 2 subjects was an ulcero-mutilating sensory-predominant neuropathy as described previously for patients with HSANI, but with prominent motor involvement and earlier disease onset in the first decade of life. Affected patients had elevated levels of plasma 1-deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySLs). Biochemically, the A182P mutation was associated with a reduced canonical activity but an increased alternative activity with alanine, which results in largely increased 1-deoxySL levels, supporting their pathogenicity.
CONCLUSION: This study confirms that mutations in SPTLC2 are associated with increased deoxySL formation causing HSANI.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:22 Nov 2013 08:12
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 23:53
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0028-3878
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e318295d789
PubMed ID:23658386

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