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Distribution of TERT promoter mutations in pediatric and adult tumors of the nervous system


Koelsche, C; Sahm, F; Capper, D; Reuss, D; Sturm, D; Jones, D T W; Kool, M; Northcott, P A; Wiestler, B; Böhmer, K; Meyer, J; Mawrin, C; Hartmann, C; Mittelbronn, M; Platten, M; Brokinkel, B; Seiz, M; Herold-Mende, C; Unterberg, A; Schittenhelm, J; Weller, M; Pfister, S; Wick, W; Korshunov, A; von Deimling, A (2013). Distribution of TERT promoter mutations in pediatric and adult tumors of the nervous system. Acta Neuropathologica, 126(6):907-915.

Abstract

Hot spot mutations in the promoter region of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) have recently been described in several human tumor entities. These mutations result in an upregulation of the telomerase complex activity and thus constitute a relevant mechanism for immortalization of tumor cells. Knowledge of the TERT promoter status in tumors is likely to be of interest for molecular classification and as a potential target for therapy. We, therefore, performed a systematic analysis of TERT promoter mutations in 1,515 tumors of the human nervous system and its coverings including 373 pediatric and 1,142 adult patients. We detected a total of 327 mutations. TERT promoter mutations were exceedingly rare in tumors typically encountered in pediatric patients. In entities typically encountered in adult patients TERT promoter mutations were strongly associated with older age (p < 0.0001). Highest mutation frequencies were detected in gliosarcomas (81 %), oligodendrogliomas (78 %), oligoastrocytomas (58 %), primary glioblastomas (54 %), and solitary fibrous tumors (50 %). Related to other molecular alterations, TERT promoter mutations were strongly associated with 1p/19q loss (p < 0.0001), but inversely associated with loss of ATRX expression (p < 0.0001) and IDH1/IDH2 mutations (p < 0.0001). TERT promoter mutations are typically found in adult patients and occur in a highly tumor type-associated distribution.

Abstract

Hot spot mutations in the promoter region of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) have recently been described in several human tumor entities. These mutations result in an upregulation of the telomerase complex activity and thus constitute a relevant mechanism for immortalization of tumor cells. Knowledge of the TERT promoter status in tumors is likely to be of interest for molecular classification and as a potential target for therapy. We, therefore, performed a systematic analysis of TERT promoter mutations in 1,515 tumors of the human nervous system and its coverings including 373 pediatric and 1,142 adult patients. We detected a total of 327 mutations. TERT promoter mutations were exceedingly rare in tumors typically encountered in pediatric patients. In entities typically encountered in adult patients TERT promoter mutations were strongly associated with older age (p < 0.0001). Highest mutation frequencies were detected in gliosarcomas (81 %), oligodendrogliomas (78 %), oligoastrocytomas (58 %), primary glioblastomas (54 %), and solitary fibrous tumors (50 %). Related to other molecular alterations, TERT promoter mutations were strongly associated with 1p/19q loss (p < 0.0001), but inversely associated with loss of ATRX expression (p < 0.0001) and IDH1/IDH2 mutations (p < 0.0001). TERT promoter mutations are typically found in adult patients and occur in a highly tumor type-associated distribution.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:25 Nov 2013 08:35
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 23:58
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0001-6322
Additional Information:The final publication is available at link.springer.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00401-013-1195-5
PubMed ID:24154961

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