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Capillaria plica (syn. Pearsonema plica) infection in a dog with chronic pollakiuria: Challenges in the diagnosis and treatment


Basso, Walter; Spänhauer, Zita; Arnold, Susi; Deplazes, Peter (2014). Capillaria plica (syn. Pearsonema plica) infection in a dog with chronic pollakiuria: Challenges in the diagnosis and treatment. Parasitology International, 63(1):140-142.

Abstract

Capillaria plica (syn. Pearsonema plica) is a nematode parasite of the urinary tract of canids, felids and mustelids, which can cause cystitis, pollakiuria, dysuria and hematuria. An eight-month-old female crossbred dog from Switzerland presented a six-month history of frequent urination. During the first clinical examination, C. plica eggs were detected in the urine sediment. Three series of treatments with fenbendazole (50mg/kgbodyweight[BW]/day, orally) for 10days each, three single day treatments with moxidectin-imidacloprid (spot-on) and one single administration of ivermectin (0.2mg/kgBW subcutaneously) were performed within an eight-month period. None of those treatments succeeded in eliminating the C. plica infection or in resolving the clinical signs. An endoscopic examination of the urine bladder still revealed numerous adult viable C. plica worms attached to the bladder mucosa. A two-day treatment with levamisole (7.5mg/kgBW/day intramuscularly) was subsequently performed. An endoscopic control of the urine bladder two days after this treatment and a urine analysis after two weeks confirmed the elimination of the parasites. The clinical signs disappeared within one month. Levamisole was shown to be effective against C. plica infection in a dog, whereas previous treatments with fenbendazole, moxidectin and ivermectin had failed.

Abstract

Capillaria plica (syn. Pearsonema plica) is a nematode parasite of the urinary tract of canids, felids and mustelids, which can cause cystitis, pollakiuria, dysuria and hematuria. An eight-month-old female crossbred dog from Switzerland presented a six-month history of frequent urination. During the first clinical examination, C. plica eggs were detected in the urine sediment. Three series of treatments with fenbendazole (50mg/kgbodyweight[BW]/day, orally) for 10days each, three single day treatments with moxidectin-imidacloprid (spot-on) and one single administration of ivermectin (0.2mg/kgBW subcutaneously) were performed within an eight-month period. None of those treatments succeeded in eliminating the C. plica infection or in resolving the clinical signs. An endoscopic examination of the urine bladder still revealed numerous adult viable C. plica worms attached to the bladder mucosa. A two-day treatment with levamisole (7.5mg/kgBW/day intramuscularly) was subsequently performed. An endoscopic control of the urine bladder two days after this treatment and a urine analysis after two weeks confirmed the elimination of the parasites. The clinical signs disappeared within one month. Levamisole was shown to be effective against C. plica infection in a dog, whereas previous treatments with fenbendazole, moxidectin and ivermectin had failed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Parasitology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
600 Technology
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:28 Nov 2013 07:42
Last Modified:10 Nov 2016 14:12
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1383-5769
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2013.09.002
PubMed ID:24042057

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