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A systematic review of semiquantitative and qualitative radiologic criteria for the diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis


Andreisek, Gustav; Imhof, Mario; Wertli, Maria; Winklhofer, Sebastian; Pfirrmann, Christian W A; Hodler, Juerg; Steurer, Johann (2013). A systematic review of semiquantitative and qualitative radiologic criteria for the diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis. American Journal of Roentgenology, 201(5):W735-W746.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to perform a systematic review of the semiquantitative and qualitative radiologic criteria that are used for the diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS. A four-step systematic literature search including the MEDLINE database was performed by an experienced librarian to reveal all semiquantitative or qualitative radiologic criteria used for the diagnosis of LSS. The precise definitions of all criteria, normal or abnormal values (if applicable), and intra- and interrater reliability were noted by two independent readers. Descriptive statistics were used. RESULTS. A total of 14 semiquantitative or qualitative radiologic parameters were identified and distinguished according to relevant anatomic spaces into criteria for central canal stenosis, lateral (recess) stenosis, and foraminal stenosis. Great variability in terms of the exact definitions of the criteria was found. For 10 of the 14 criteria, the intra- and interrater reliability data were found with kappa values ranging from 0.01 to 1.0. CONCLUSION. Our systematic literature review identified 14 different semiquantitative or qualitative radiologic criteria that are used for the diagnosis of LSS; however, these criteria show remarkable variability in terms of their exact individual definitions and intra- and interrater reliability.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to perform a systematic review of the semiquantitative and qualitative radiologic criteria that are used for the diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS. A four-step systematic literature search including the MEDLINE database was performed by an experienced librarian to reveal all semiquantitative or qualitative radiologic criteria used for the diagnosis of LSS. The precise definitions of all criteria, normal or abnormal values (if applicable), and intra- and interrater reliability were noted by two independent readers. Descriptive statistics were used. RESULTS. A total of 14 semiquantitative or qualitative radiologic parameters were identified and distinguished according to relevant anatomic spaces into criteria for central canal stenosis, lateral (recess) stenosis, and foraminal stenosis. Great variability in terms of the exact definitions of the criteria was found. For 10 of the 14 criteria, the intra- and interrater reliability data were found with kappa values ranging from 0.01 to 1.0. CONCLUSION. Our systematic literature review identified 14 different semiquantitative or qualitative radiologic criteria that are used for the diagnosis of LSS; however, these criteria show remarkable variability in terms of their exact individual definitions and intra- and interrater reliability.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:02 Dec 2013 08:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:12
Publisher:American Roentgen Ray Society
ISSN:0361-803X
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.12.10163
PubMed ID:24147503

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