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CT of renal cell carcinoma: Assessment of collecting system invasion


Karlo, Christoph A; Paolo, Pier L Di; Hricak, Hedvig; Tickoo, Satish K; Russo, Paul; Akin, Oguz (2013). CT of renal cell carcinoma: Assessment of collecting system invasion. American Journal of Roentgenology, 201(6):W821-W827.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Although renal collecting system invasion is not considered in the current TNM staging system, this finding may be relevant in terms of treatment planning and prognosis. The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of collecting system invasion in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to assess the diagnostic performance of excretory phase CT for the assessment of collecting system invasion. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We conducted a retrospective study of 261 patients (171 men and 90 women; average age, 61 years; age range, 32-86 years) who underwent CT before nephrectomy for RCC between November 2008 and July 2011 at a single institution. On excretory phase contrast-enhanced CT images, two radiologists independently determined whether RCC components caused a filling defect within the collecting system and whether the RCC was in contact to the collecting system wall or separated from it. Histopathology served as the standard of reference. Interreader agreement and diagnostic performance tests for the detection of collecting system invasion were calculated. RESULTS. Histopathology identified collecting system invasion exclusively in clear cell RCC that showed a filling defect within the collecting system on excretory phase CT images (5.4%, 14/261). Tumors separated from or in contact with the collecting system on imaging (both readers; 94.6%, 247/261) did not show collecting system invasion on histopathology (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 100%). Interreader agreement was excellent (κ, 0.965; 95% CI, 0.93-0.99). CONCLUSION. CT provides reliable assessment of collecting system invasion in patients with RCC, with excellent sensitivity and specificity.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Although renal collecting system invasion is not considered in the current TNM staging system, this finding may be relevant in terms of treatment planning and prognosis. The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of collecting system invasion in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to assess the diagnostic performance of excretory phase CT for the assessment of collecting system invasion. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We conducted a retrospective study of 261 patients (171 men and 90 women; average age, 61 years; age range, 32-86 years) who underwent CT before nephrectomy for RCC between November 2008 and July 2011 at a single institution. On excretory phase contrast-enhanced CT images, two radiologists independently determined whether RCC components caused a filling defect within the collecting system and whether the RCC was in contact to the collecting system wall or separated from it. Histopathology served as the standard of reference. Interreader agreement and diagnostic performance tests for the detection of collecting system invasion were calculated. RESULTS. Histopathology identified collecting system invasion exclusively in clear cell RCC that showed a filling defect within the collecting system on excretory phase CT images (5.4%, 14/261). Tumors separated from or in contact with the collecting system on imaging (both readers; 94.6%, 247/261) did not show collecting system invasion on histopathology (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 100%). Interreader agreement was excellent (κ, 0.965; 95% CI, 0.93-0.99). CONCLUSION. CT provides reliable assessment of collecting system invasion in patients with RCC, with excellent sensitivity and specificity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:02 Dec 2013 10:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:12
Publisher:American Roentgen Ray Society
ISSN:0361-803X
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.13.10785
PubMed ID:24261389

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