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Achilles tendons: clinical relevance of neovascularization diagnosed with power Doppler US


Zanetti, Marco; Metzdorf, Alexander; Kundert, Hans-Peter; Zollinger, Hans; Vienne, Patrick; Seifert, Burkhardt; Hodler, Juerg (2003). Achilles tendons: clinical relevance of neovascularization diagnosed with power Doppler US. Radiology, 227(2):556-560.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical relevance of neovascularization diagnosed with power Doppler ultrasonography (US) in Achilles tendons in patients with chronic achillodynia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty consecutive patients (mean age, 52 years; age range, 30-72 years) were examined. US was performed bilaterally and repeated after 3 months. Shape and echogenicity were assessed with gray-scale US and vascularization with power Doppler US. All patients were treated conservatively. Clinical assessment was performed after 0, 3, and 6 months by using visual analogue scale (VAS) scores (0, no pain; 100, unbearable pain). The VAS scores were compared with the initial US findings, and analysis of variance was used for repeated measurements. RESULTS: Neovascularization was present in 30 of 55 painful tendons and in one of 25 asymptomatic tendons. The mean VAS scores at 0, 3, and 6 months, respectively, for tendons with neovascularization were 52, 26, and 20; those for tendons without neovascularization were 39, 19, and 18 (P =.15). Forty-eight painful and nine asymptomatic tendons were spindle shaped. The mean VAS scores at 0, 3, and 6 months, respectively, for the spindle-shaped tendons were 48, 25, and 20; those for normally shaped tendons were 33, 10, and 16 (P =.17). Thirty-five painful and four asymptomatic tendons were inhomogeneous. The mean VAS scores at 0, 3, and 6 months, respectively, for symptomatic inhomogeneous tendons were 54, 29, and 25; those for symptomatic homogeneous tendons were 32, 12, and 9 (P <.001). CONCLUSION: Although neovascularization is a specific sign for pain, it does not indicate an unfavorable outcome. Conversely, tendon inhomogeneity seems to be associated with an unfavorable outcome.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical relevance of neovascularization diagnosed with power Doppler ultrasonography (US) in Achilles tendons in patients with chronic achillodynia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty consecutive patients (mean age, 52 years; age range, 30-72 years) were examined. US was performed bilaterally and repeated after 3 months. Shape and echogenicity were assessed with gray-scale US and vascularization with power Doppler US. All patients were treated conservatively. Clinical assessment was performed after 0, 3, and 6 months by using visual analogue scale (VAS) scores (0, no pain; 100, unbearable pain). The VAS scores were compared with the initial US findings, and analysis of variance was used for repeated measurements. RESULTS: Neovascularization was present in 30 of 55 painful tendons and in one of 25 asymptomatic tendons. The mean VAS scores at 0, 3, and 6 months, respectively, for tendons with neovascularization were 52, 26, and 20; those for tendons without neovascularization were 39, 19, and 18 (P =.15). Forty-eight painful and nine asymptomatic tendons were spindle shaped. The mean VAS scores at 0, 3, and 6 months, respectively, for the spindle-shaped tendons were 48, 25, and 20; those for normally shaped tendons were 33, 10, and 16 (P =.17). Thirty-five painful and four asymptomatic tendons were inhomogeneous. The mean VAS scores at 0, 3, and 6 months, respectively, for symptomatic inhomogeneous tendons were 54, 29, and 25; those for symptomatic homogeneous tendons were 32, 12, and 9 (P <.001). CONCLUSION: Although neovascularization is a specific sign for pain, it does not indicate an unfavorable outcome. Conversely, tendon inhomogeneity seems to be associated with an unfavorable outcome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:03 Dec 2013 16:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:12
Publisher:Radiological Society of North America
ISSN:0033-8419
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2272012069
PubMed ID:12663820

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