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Comparison of two treatment regimens with trilostane in dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism


Braun, C; Boretti, F S; Reusch, C E; Sieber-Ruckstuhl, N S (2013). Comparison of two treatment regimens with trilostane in dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 155(10):551-558.

Abstract

Trilostane is used to treat dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH). In our institution, it was initially dosed based on bodyweight (BW) categories, since April 06 it is dosed per kg BW. Our objectives were to compare effectiveness, number of dose adjustments and side effects of the two dose regimens in dogs with PDH. Dogs of group 1 (28 dogs) received trilostane based on BW categories (< 5 kg, 30 mg; 5 - 20 kg, 60 mg and > 20 kg, 120 mg; SID); dogs of group 2 (20 dogs) received 2 - 5 mg/kg SID. Treatment goal was a post-ACTH cortisol of 1 - 2.5 and 1.5 - 5.4 µg/dl in group 1 and 2, respectively. Starting doses were significantly higher in group 1 and stayed higher until re-check at 4 - 7 months. Baseline and post-ACTH cortisol were significantly decreased compared to pre-treatment at all time points in both groups. Significantly more dogs of group 2 (5/20) needed a dose increase at the first re-check and significantly more dogs of group 1 (10/23) a dose reduction at the last re-check. Intermittent discontinuation was necessary in 25 and 10 % of dogs of group 1 and 2, respectively. We conclude that dosing per kg BW results in comparable clinical improvement, decrease in cortisol, but lower risk of side effects.

Abstract

Trilostane is used to treat dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH). In our institution, it was initially dosed based on bodyweight (BW) categories, since April 06 it is dosed per kg BW. Our objectives were to compare effectiveness, number of dose adjustments and side effects of the two dose regimens in dogs with PDH. Dogs of group 1 (28 dogs) received trilostane based on BW categories (< 5 kg, 30 mg; 5 - 20 kg, 60 mg and > 20 kg, 120 mg; SID); dogs of group 2 (20 dogs) received 2 - 5 mg/kg SID. Treatment goal was a post-ACTH cortisol of 1 - 2.5 and 1.5 - 5.4 µg/dl in group 1 and 2, respectively. Starting doses were significantly higher in group 1 and stayed higher until re-check at 4 - 7 months. Baseline and post-ACTH cortisol were significantly decreased compared to pre-treatment at all time points in both groups. Significantly more dogs of group 2 (5/20) needed a dose increase at the first re-check and significantly more dogs of group 1 (10/23) a dose reduction at the last re-check. Intermittent discontinuation was necessary in 25 and 10 % of dogs of group 1 and 2, respectively. We conclude that dosing per kg BW results in comparable clinical improvement, decrease in cortisol, but lower risk of side effects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:19 Dec 2013 09:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:14
Publisher:Hans Huber
ISSN:0036-7281
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/0036-7281/a000511
PubMed ID:24091230

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