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A case in Europe of feline histoplasmosis apparently limited to the skin


Fischer, N M; Favrot, C; Monod, M; Grest, P; Rech, K; Wilhelm, S (2013). A case in Europe of feline histoplasmosis apparently limited to the skin. Veterinary Dermatology, 24(6):635-e158.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Histoplasma capsulatum has a worldwide distribution, but reports in Europe remain rare. We present the second report of histoplasmosis in a cat in Europe and, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of feline histoplasmosis infection apparently limited to the skin.
CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old male castrated outdoor cat was presented to the dermatology service with a history of skin lesions evolving over 1 month and consisting of multiple papules and nodules on the head and neck. General examination was unremarkable. Cytological examination of the ulcerated nodules revealed a pyogranulomatous infiltrate, with numerous macrophages containing oval yeast-like cells, 2-5 μm in size, with a central, lightly basophilic core surrounded by a clear halo. A tentative diagnosis of fungal infection was made, and skin biopsy specimens were taken. Histological examination confirmed the cytology findings, and Grocott staining showed numerous organisms suggestive of Histoplasma within macrophages. Thoracic radiographs, abdominal ultrasound and routine laboratory testing were unremarkable. Fungal culture of a nodule was negative. PCR of total DNA extracted from the infected tissue and subsequent sequencing confirmed the diagnosis of H. capsulatum var. capsulatum. Surgical excision of the other nodules was performed, and the cat was treated with oral itraconazole 5 mg/kg once daily; 12 weeks after initial consultation, no lesions were visible. No recurrence was observed during an 8 month follow-up period.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Histoplasmosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of nodular diseases of cats worldwide.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Histoplasma capsulatum has a worldwide distribution, but reports in Europe remain rare. We present the second report of histoplasmosis in a cat in Europe and, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of feline histoplasmosis infection apparently limited to the skin.
CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old male castrated outdoor cat was presented to the dermatology service with a history of skin lesions evolving over 1 month and consisting of multiple papules and nodules on the head and neck. General examination was unremarkable. Cytological examination of the ulcerated nodules revealed a pyogranulomatous infiltrate, with numerous macrophages containing oval yeast-like cells, 2-5 μm in size, with a central, lightly basophilic core surrounded by a clear halo. A tentative diagnosis of fungal infection was made, and skin biopsy specimens were taken. Histological examination confirmed the cytology findings, and Grocott staining showed numerous organisms suggestive of Histoplasma within macrophages. Thoracic radiographs, abdominal ultrasound and routine laboratory testing were unremarkable. Fungal culture of a nodule was negative. PCR of total DNA extracted from the infected tissue and subsequent sequencing confirmed the diagnosis of H. capsulatum var. capsulatum. Surgical excision of the other nodules was performed, and the cat was treated with oral itraconazole 5 mg/kg once daily; 12 weeks after initial consultation, no lesions were visible. No recurrence was observed during an 8 month follow-up period.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Histoplasmosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of nodular diseases of cats worldwide.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:19 Dec 2013 09:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:15
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0959-4493
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/vde.12077
PubMed ID:24118343

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