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Researcher allegiance and supportive therapy: Pernicious affects on results of randomized clinical trials


Budge, Stephanie; Baardseth, Timothy; Wampold, Bruce E; Flückiger, Christoph (2010). Researcher allegiance and supportive therapy: Pernicious affects on results of randomized clinical trials. European Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling, 12(1):23-39.

Abstract

Allegiance effects have been discussed, debated, and tested over the past several decades. The evidence clearly shows that allegiance affects the findings and representation of therapies that are considered efficacious. We argue that allegiance effects are evident in randomized controlled trials of supportive therapy. Supportive therapy is an established and bona-fide therapy but its implementation as a control group for non-specific elements is a treatment that does not resemble supportive therapy as would be used therapeutically. Allegiance effects in the use of supportive therapy are caused by the design of supportive therapy controls, the therapists who deliver supportive therapy, and the patients who are enrolled in the trials.

Abstract

Allegiance effects have been discussed, debated, and tested over the past several decades. The evidence clearly shows that allegiance affects the findings and representation of therapies that are considered efficacious. We argue that allegiance effects are evident in randomized controlled trials of supportive therapy. Supportive therapy is an established and bona-fide therapy but its implementation as a control group for non-specific elements is a treatment that does not resemble supportive therapy as would be used therapeutically. Allegiance effects in the use of supportive therapy are caused by the design of supportive therapy controls, the therapists who deliver supportive therapy, and the patients who are enrolled in the trials.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:17 Dec 2013 11:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:16
Publisher:Routledge
ISSN:1364-2537
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/13642531003637742

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