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Activity of aaptamine and two derivatives, demethyloxyaaptamine and isoaaptamine, in cisplatin-resistant germ cell cancer


Dyshlovoy, S A; Venz, S; Shubina, L K; Fedorov, S N; Walther, R; Jacobson, C; Stonik, V A; Bokemeyer, C; Balabanov, S; Honecker, F (2014). Activity of aaptamine and two derivatives, demethyloxyaaptamine and isoaaptamine, in cisplatin-resistant germ cell cancer. Journal of Proteomics, 96:223-239.

Abstract

We analyzed the effects of all three marine alkaloids aaptamine, demethyloxyaaptamine and isoaaptamine in NT2-R, a cisplatin-resistant subline of the human embryonal carcinoma cell line NT2. All aaptamines were found to be equally effective in both cell lines, excluding cross-resistance between aaptamines and cisplatin in vitro. At the inhibitory concentration (IC50), aaptamine exerted an antiproliferative effect, whereas demethyloxyaaptamine and isoaaptamine were strong inducers of apoptosis. We analyzed the changes in the proteome of NT2-R cells treated with these compounds. 16-22 proteins were found to be significantly altered, of which several were validated by Western blotting and two-dimensional Western blotting analysis. Changes in the proteome pattern frequently resulted from post-transcriptional protein modifications, i.e. phosphorylation or hypusination in the case of eIF5A. Although the lists of altered proteins were heterogeneous and compound-specific, gene ontology analyses identified rather similar profiles regarding the affected molecular functions. Ingenuity pathway analysis by IPA put the following factors in a central position of the hypothetical networks: myc and p53 for aaptamine; tumor necrosis factor (TNF) for demethyloxyaaptamine; and all three, myc, p53, and TNF for isoaaptamine. Our results represent an important step towards a better understanding of the molecular basis underlying the observed bioactivity of these promising marine compounds. BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: We characterized the mode of action of three aaptamines, marine natural compound with anti-tumor activity, using a functional proteomics approach and the cisplatin-resistant pluripotent human embryonal carcinoma cell line NT2-R. The manuscript is of particular scientific interest, as we could reveal the similarities and differences of the modes of action. Furthermore, we were able to identify several new targets of these promising compounds. We found hypusination of eIF5A to be a prominent feature exclusively of aaptamine treatment, as this was not observed upon treatment with demethyloxyaaptamine or isoaaptamine. Our results are a step towards unraveling the mode of action of these interesting compounds.

Abstract

We analyzed the effects of all three marine alkaloids aaptamine, demethyloxyaaptamine and isoaaptamine in NT2-R, a cisplatin-resistant subline of the human embryonal carcinoma cell line NT2. All aaptamines were found to be equally effective in both cell lines, excluding cross-resistance between aaptamines and cisplatin in vitro. At the inhibitory concentration (IC50), aaptamine exerted an antiproliferative effect, whereas demethyloxyaaptamine and isoaaptamine were strong inducers of apoptosis. We analyzed the changes in the proteome of NT2-R cells treated with these compounds. 16-22 proteins were found to be significantly altered, of which several were validated by Western blotting and two-dimensional Western blotting analysis. Changes in the proteome pattern frequently resulted from post-transcriptional protein modifications, i.e. phosphorylation or hypusination in the case of eIF5A. Although the lists of altered proteins were heterogeneous and compound-specific, gene ontology analyses identified rather similar profiles regarding the affected molecular functions. Ingenuity pathway analysis by IPA put the following factors in a central position of the hypothetical networks: myc and p53 for aaptamine; tumor necrosis factor (TNF) for demethyloxyaaptamine; and all three, myc, p53, and TNF for isoaaptamine. Our results represent an important step towards a better understanding of the molecular basis underlying the observed bioactivity of these promising marine compounds. BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: We characterized the mode of action of three aaptamines, marine natural compound with anti-tumor activity, using a functional proteomics approach and the cisplatin-resistant pluripotent human embryonal carcinoma cell line NT2-R. The manuscript is of particular scientific interest, as we could reveal the similarities and differences of the modes of action. Furthermore, we were able to identify several new targets of these promising compounds. We found hypusination of eIF5A to be a prominent feature exclusively of aaptamine treatment, as this was not observed upon treatment with demethyloxyaaptamine or isoaaptamine. Our results are a step towards unraveling the mode of action of these interesting compounds.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:21 November 2014
Deposited On:26 Dec 2013 12:22
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 01:33
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1874-3919
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2013.11.009
PubMed ID:24269226

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