Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Educational inequalities in three smoking-related causes of death in 18 european populations


Kulik, Margarete C; Menvielle, Gwenn; Eikemo, Terje A; Bopp, Matthias; Jasilionis, Domantas; Kulhánová, Ivana; Leinsalu, Mall; Martikainen, Pekka; Ostergren, Olof; Mackenbach, Johan P (2014). Educational inequalities in three smoking-related causes of death in 18 european populations. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 16(5):507-518.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Smoking is an important determinant of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in many countries. As the smoking epidemic progresses, updates on the development of mortality inequalities attributable to smoking are needed. We provide estimates of relative and absolute educational inequalities in mortality from lung cancer, aerodigestive cancers, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/asthma in Europe for the early 2000s and assess the contribution of these smoking-related diseases to inequalities in all-cause mortality. METHODS: We use data from 18 European populations covering the time period 1998-2007. We present age-adjusted mortality rates, relative indices of inequality, and slope indices of inequality. We also calculate the contribution of inequalities in smoking-related mortality to inequalities in overall mortality. RESULTS: Among men, relative inequalities in mortality from the 3 smoking-related causes of death combined are largest in the Czech Republic and Hungary and smallest in Spain, Sweden, and Denmark. Among women, these inequalities are largest in Scotland and Norway and smallest in Italy and Spain. They are often larger among men and tend to be larger for COPD/asthma than for lung and aerodigestive cancers. Relative inequalities in mortality from these conditions are often larger in younger age groups, particularly among women, suggesting a possible further widening of inequalities in mortality in the coming decades. The combined contribution of these diseases to inequality in all-cause mortality varies between 13% and 32% among men and between -5% and 30% among women. CONCLUSION: Our results underline the continuing need for tobacco control policies, which take into account socioeconomic position.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Smoking is an important determinant of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in many countries. As the smoking epidemic progresses, updates on the development of mortality inequalities attributable to smoking are needed. We provide estimates of relative and absolute educational inequalities in mortality from lung cancer, aerodigestive cancers, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/asthma in Europe for the early 2000s and assess the contribution of these smoking-related diseases to inequalities in all-cause mortality. METHODS: We use data from 18 European populations covering the time period 1998-2007. We present age-adjusted mortality rates, relative indices of inequality, and slope indices of inequality. We also calculate the contribution of inequalities in smoking-related mortality to inequalities in overall mortality. RESULTS: Among men, relative inequalities in mortality from the 3 smoking-related causes of death combined are largest in the Czech Republic and Hungary and smallest in Spain, Sweden, and Denmark. Among women, these inequalities are largest in Scotland and Norway and smallest in Italy and Spain. They are often larger among men and tend to be larger for COPD/asthma than for lung and aerodigestive cancers. Relative inequalities in mortality from these conditions are often larger in younger age groups, particularly among women, suggesting a possible further widening of inequalities in mortality in the coming decades. The combined contribution of these diseases to inequality in all-cause mortality varies between 13% and 32% among men and between -5% and 30% among women. CONCLUSION: Our results underline the continuing need for tobacco control policies, which take into account socioeconomic position.

Statistics

Citations

17 citations in Web of Science®
16 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 30 Dec 2013
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:30 Dec 2013 12:31
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 01:37
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1462-2203
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntt175
PubMed ID:24212763

Download