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Basilar artery stroke in childhood


Goeggel Simonetti, Barbara; Ritter, Barbara; Gautschi, Matthias; Wehrli, Edith; Boltshauser, Eugen; Schmitt-Mechelke, Thomas; Weber, Peter; Weissert, Markus; El-Koussy, Marwan; Steinlin, Maja (2013). Basilar artery stroke in childhood. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 55(1):65-70.

Abstract

AIM: Little is known about basilar artery stroke (BAS) in children. The objective of this study was to calculate the incidence of BAS in children and to analyse the clinical presentation, risk factors, radiological findings, therapeutic approaches, and outcome of BAS in childhood.
METHOD: A prospective, population-based study including children with arterial ischaemic stroke and a systematic review of the literature was undertaken.
RESULTS: Seven children with BAS were registered at the Swiss Neuropaediatric Stroke Registry between January 2000 and June 2011 (incidence 0.037 per 100,000 children per year, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.013-0.080). A further 90 cases were identified through the literature search. The majority of patients were male (73 males, 24 females) and the median age was 9 years (interquartile range [IQR]=6-13y). The median Pediatric National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (PedNIHSS) score was 15 (IQR=4-27). Presenting signs and symptoms comprised impaired consciousness (n=64), quadri- or hemiparesis (n=58), bulbar dysfunction (n=46), vomiting, nausea (n=43), and headache (n=41). Prodromes occurred in 43% of cases. Aetiology was largely vasculopathic (n=38), but often unknown (n=40). Time to diagnosis varied from hours days; six patients received antithrombotic, thrombolytic, or mechanical endovascular treatment 12 hours or less after symptom onset. Outcome was good (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) in 45 patients; eight died. PedNIHSS score of up to 17 was a prognostic factor for good outcome.
INTERPRETATION: BAS is rare in children. Compared with adults, outcome is more favourable despite a considerable delay in diagnosis and treatment. Outcome was better in children with a PedNIHSS score of 17 or less.

Abstract

AIM: Little is known about basilar artery stroke (BAS) in children. The objective of this study was to calculate the incidence of BAS in children and to analyse the clinical presentation, risk factors, radiological findings, therapeutic approaches, and outcome of BAS in childhood.
METHOD: A prospective, population-based study including children with arterial ischaemic stroke and a systematic review of the literature was undertaken.
RESULTS: Seven children with BAS were registered at the Swiss Neuropaediatric Stroke Registry between January 2000 and June 2011 (incidence 0.037 per 100,000 children per year, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.013-0.080). A further 90 cases were identified through the literature search. The majority of patients were male (73 males, 24 females) and the median age was 9 years (interquartile range [IQR]=6-13y). The median Pediatric National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (PedNIHSS) score was 15 (IQR=4-27). Presenting signs and symptoms comprised impaired consciousness (n=64), quadri- or hemiparesis (n=58), bulbar dysfunction (n=46), vomiting, nausea (n=43), and headache (n=41). Prodromes occurred in 43% of cases. Aetiology was largely vasculopathic (n=38), but often unknown (n=40). Time to diagnosis varied from hours days; six patients received antithrombotic, thrombolytic, or mechanical endovascular treatment 12 hours or less after symptom onset. Outcome was good (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) in 45 patients; eight died. PedNIHSS score of up to 17 was a prognostic factor for good outcome.
INTERPRETATION: BAS is rare in children. Compared with adults, outcome is more favourable despite a considerable delay in diagnosis and treatment. Outcome was better in children with a PedNIHSS score of 17 or less.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:28 Jan 2014 07:10
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:24
Publisher:Mac Keith Press
ISSN:0012-1622
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.12015
PubMed ID:23163838

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