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Evaluation of quercetin as a potential drug in osteosarcoma treatment


Berndt, Kersten; Campanile, Carmen; Muff, Roman; Strehler, Emanuel; Born, Walter; Fuchs, Bruno (2013). Evaluation of quercetin as a potential drug in osteosarcoma treatment. Anticancer Research, 33(4):1297-1306.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and young adults. Since the introduction of chemotherapy, the 5-year survival rate of patients with non-metastatic osteosarcoma is ~70%. The main problems in osteosarcoma therapy are the occurrence of metastases, severe side-effects and chemoresistance. Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of quercetin were shown in several types of cancers, including breast cancer and lung carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study investigates the cytotoxic potential of quercetin, a dietary flavonoid, in a highly metastasizing human osteosarcoma cell line, 143B. RESULTS: We found that quercetin induces growth inhibition, G2/M phase arrest, and apoptosis in the 143B osteosarcoma cell line. We also observed impaired adhesion and migratory potential after the addition of quercetin. CONCLUSION: Since quercetin has already been shown to have low side effects in a clinical phase I trial in advanced cancer patients, this compound may have considerable potential for osteosarcoma treatment.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and young adults. Since the introduction of chemotherapy, the 5-year survival rate of patients with non-metastatic osteosarcoma is ~70%. The main problems in osteosarcoma therapy are the occurrence of metastases, severe side-effects and chemoresistance. Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of quercetin were shown in several types of cancers, including breast cancer and lung carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study investigates the cytotoxic potential of quercetin, a dietary flavonoid, in a highly metastasizing human osteosarcoma cell line, 143B. RESULTS: We found that quercetin induces growth inhibition, G2/M phase arrest, and apoptosis in the 143B osteosarcoma cell line. We also observed impaired adhesion and migratory potential after the addition of quercetin. CONCLUSION: Since quercetin has already been shown to have low side effects in a clinical phase I trial in advanced cancer patients, this compound may have considerable potential for osteosarcoma treatment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:16 Jan 2014 10:47
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 08:20
Publisher:International Institute of Anticancer Research
ISSN:0250-7005
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
PubMed ID:23564766

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