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Characterization of different osteosarcoma phenotypes by PET imaging in preclinical animal models


Campanile, Carmen; Arlt, Matthias J E; Krämer, Stefanie D; Honer, Michael; Gvozdenovic, Ana; Brennecke, Patrick; Fischer, Cindy R; Sabile, Adam A; Müller, Adrienne; Ametamey, Simon M; Born, Walter; Schibli, Roger; Fuchs, Bruno (2013). Characterization of different osteosarcoma phenotypes by PET imaging in preclinical animal models. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 54(8):1362-1368.

Abstract

UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to characterize the different phenotypes of osteosarcoma by PET, comparing the uptake of 3 tracers ((18)F-FDG, (18)F-fluoromisonidazole [(18)F-FMISO], and (18)F-fluoride) in preclinical mouse models that reflect the heterogeneity of the human disease. METHODS: Mouse LM8 osteosarcoma, human 143B, and Caprin-1 stably overexpressing SaOS-2 cells were injected intratibially in C3H and severe-combined immunodeficient mice. PET imaging with (18)F-FDG, (18)F-FMISO, and (18)F-fluoride was performed in these mouse models, and a ratio between the standardized uptake value of the primary tumor and a control area of bone was calculated and compared among the models. Histology and immunohistochemistry were performed to confirm the PET findings. RESULTS: The pattern of tracer uptake differed among the primary tumors of the 3 models in accordance with the histology and immunohistochemistry on primary tumor sections. The osteolytic tumors in the 143B model showed the highest uptake of (18)F-FDG, an indicator of glucose metabolism, which was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than in the SaOS-2/Caprin-1 model and correlated with the percentage of Ki67-positive cells in the primary tumors. Hypoxia, indicated by (18)F-FMISO accumulation, was higher in the SaOS-2/Caprin-1 and 143B cell line-derived tumors (P < 0.01). Finally (18)F-fluoride, a marker of bone remodeling, correlated with the osteoblastic phenotype. The SaOS-2/Caprin-1 cell-derived tumors showed a significantly higher uptake than the moderately osteoblastic LM8 (P < 0.05) and the osteolytic 143B (P < 0.01) cell line-derived tumors. CONCLUSION: Differential PET imaging with tracers indicating metabolic activity, hypoxia, or bone remodeling will be helpful for the characterization of different osteosarcoma phenotypes and subsequent evaluation of more specific treatment modalities targeting the processes that are predominant in each specific tumor type or subtype.

Abstract

UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to characterize the different phenotypes of osteosarcoma by PET, comparing the uptake of 3 tracers ((18)F-FDG, (18)F-fluoromisonidazole [(18)F-FMISO], and (18)F-fluoride) in preclinical mouse models that reflect the heterogeneity of the human disease. METHODS: Mouse LM8 osteosarcoma, human 143B, and Caprin-1 stably overexpressing SaOS-2 cells were injected intratibially in C3H and severe-combined immunodeficient mice. PET imaging with (18)F-FDG, (18)F-FMISO, and (18)F-fluoride was performed in these mouse models, and a ratio between the standardized uptake value of the primary tumor and a control area of bone was calculated and compared among the models. Histology and immunohistochemistry were performed to confirm the PET findings. RESULTS: The pattern of tracer uptake differed among the primary tumors of the 3 models in accordance with the histology and immunohistochemistry on primary tumor sections. The osteolytic tumors in the 143B model showed the highest uptake of (18)F-FDG, an indicator of glucose metabolism, which was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than in the SaOS-2/Caprin-1 model and correlated with the percentage of Ki67-positive cells in the primary tumors. Hypoxia, indicated by (18)F-FMISO accumulation, was higher in the SaOS-2/Caprin-1 and 143B cell line-derived tumors (P < 0.01). Finally (18)F-fluoride, a marker of bone remodeling, correlated with the osteoblastic phenotype. The SaOS-2/Caprin-1 cell-derived tumors showed a significantly higher uptake than the moderately osteoblastic LM8 (P < 0.05) and the osteolytic 143B (P < 0.01) cell line-derived tumors. CONCLUSION: Differential PET imaging with tracers indicating metabolic activity, hypoxia, or bone remodeling will be helpful for the characterization of different osteosarcoma phenotypes and subsequent evaluation of more specific treatment modalities targeting the processes that are predominant in each specific tumor type or subtype.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:16 Jan 2014 10:50
Last Modified:16 Feb 2018 19:08
Publisher:Society of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.112.115527
PubMed ID:23801674

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