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Evaluation of UDMA's potential as a substitute for Bis-GMA in orthodontic adhesives


Papakonstantinou, Alexia E; Eliades, Theodore; Cellesi, Francesco; Watts, David C; Silikas, Nick (2013). Evaluation of UDMA's potential as a substitute for Bis-GMA in orthodontic adhesives. Dental Materials, 29(8):898-905.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of UDMA %, of a range of filled UDMA:TEGDMA resins, on viscosity, degree of conversion and shear bond strength. Furthermore, to compare between model filled and unfilled UDMA adhesives, and clinically used orthodontic adhesives on these properties. METHODS: Four filled and four unfilled resins with a UDMA to TEGDMA weight ratio 50:50, 60:40, 70:30, 80:20 were formulated, tested and compared to the Bis-GMA control Transbond XT. The properties investigated were: viscosity (rotational viscometry), degree of conversion (DC) (FT-IR) and bond strength (shear bond strength test). One-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test was used to statistically analyze the data for viscosity and DC% while the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-test was used for the shear bond strength values. RESULTS: For SBS a comparable bond strength was obtained between the U80:T20(F) adhesive and the control Transbond XT (27.1 and 30.1 respectively). There was no significant difference between the U70:T30 adhesive and the control. Transbond XT (43.1%) had a significantly lower DC% than all the UDMA based adhesives. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between the DC% means of the various UDMA resins. There was a significant decrease in the viscosity for both filled and unfilled groups, as the TEGDMA concentration was increased. SIGNIFICANCE: The results indicate that adhesives formulated with UDMA and TEGDMA monomers, could produce resins with comparable viscosities to the Bis-GMA control, Transbond XT. Adhesives formulated with high UDMA %, can be used to produce resins with greater viscosity and increased bond strength, potentially without affecting their degree of conversion.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of UDMA %, of a range of filled UDMA:TEGDMA resins, on viscosity, degree of conversion and shear bond strength. Furthermore, to compare between model filled and unfilled UDMA adhesives, and clinically used orthodontic adhesives on these properties. METHODS: Four filled and four unfilled resins with a UDMA to TEGDMA weight ratio 50:50, 60:40, 70:30, 80:20 were formulated, tested and compared to the Bis-GMA control Transbond XT. The properties investigated were: viscosity (rotational viscometry), degree of conversion (DC) (FT-IR) and bond strength (shear bond strength test). One-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test was used to statistically analyze the data for viscosity and DC% while the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-test was used for the shear bond strength values. RESULTS: For SBS a comparable bond strength was obtained between the U80:T20(F) adhesive and the control Transbond XT (27.1 and 30.1 respectively). There was no significant difference between the U70:T30 adhesive and the control. Transbond XT (43.1%) had a significantly lower DC% than all the UDMA based adhesives. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between the DC% means of the various UDMA resins. There was a significant decrease in the viscosity for both filled and unfilled groups, as the TEGDMA concentration was increased. SIGNIFICANCE: The results indicate that adhesives formulated with UDMA and TEGDMA monomers, could produce resins with comparable viscosities to the Bis-GMA control, Transbond XT. Adhesives formulated with high UDMA %, can be used to produce resins with greater viscosity and increased bond strength, potentially without affecting their degree of conversion.

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19 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:16 Jan 2014 12:42
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 08:21
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0109-5641
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2013.05.007
PubMed ID:23787036

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