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Three-dimensional correction of distal radius intra-articular malunions using patient-specific drill guides


Schweizer, Andreas; Fürnstahl, Philipp; Nagy, Ladislav (2013). Three-dimensional correction of distal radius intra-articular malunions using patient-specific drill guides. Journal of Hand Surgery, 38(12):2339-2347.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To analyze the feasibility of combining computer-assisted 3-dimensional planning with patient-specific drill guides and to evaluate this technology's surgical outcomes for distal radius intra-articular malunions.
METHODS: Six symptomatic patients with intra-articular malunions of the distal radius with a stepoff of more than 2 mm were treated with an outside-in corrective osteotomy. The described cases consist of 2 malunited volar Barton fractures, 2 radial styloid fractures, 1 AO-type C1 fracture, and 1 die-punch fracture. The osteotomies were guided by 3-dimensionally generated aiming guides that allowed precise cutting and the reduction of up to 2 fragments. All 6 patients were examined clinically and radiologically after 1 year. The surgical outcomes were quantitatively analyzed by comparing the preoperative and postoperative computed tomographic data.
RESULTS: In all 6 cases, the osteotomies were consolidated 8 weeks postoperatively. After 1 year, 4 patients were pain-free, 1 had mild pain, and 1 experienced moderate pain during heavy work. Wrist motion and grip strength were improved in all patients. The postoperative radiographs showed no articular stepoff or degenerative changes.
CONCLUSIONS: Patient-specific aiming guides provided a reliable method to correct intra-articular malunions of the distal radius. This technique allows the surgeon to safely perform difficult intra-articular osteotomies and may help limit the need for salvage procedures such as partial or complete wrist arthrodesis.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To analyze the feasibility of combining computer-assisted 3-dimensional planning with patient-specific drill guides and to evaluate this technology's surgical outcomes for distal radius intra-articular malunions.
METHODS: Six symptomatic patients with intra-articular malunions of the distal radius with a stepoff of more than 2 mm were treated with an outside-in corrective osteotomy. The described cases consist of 2 malunited volar Barton fractures, 2 radial styloid fractures, 1 AO-type C1 fracture, and 1 die-punch fracture. The osteotomies were guided by 3-dimensionally generated aiming guides that allowed precise cutting and the reduction of up to 2 fragments. All 6 patients were examined clinically and radiologically after 1 year. The surgical outcomes were quantitatively analyzed by comparing the preoperative and postoperative computed tomographic data.
RESULTS: In all 6 cases, the osteotomies were consolidated 8 weeks postoperatively. After 1 year, 4 patients were pain-free, 1 had mild pain, and 1 experienced moderate pain during heavy work. Wrist motion and grip strength were improved in all patients. The postoperative radiographs showed no articular stepoff or degenerative changes.
CONCLUSIONS: Patient-specific aiming guides provided a reliable method to correct intra-articular malunions of the distal radius. This technique allows the surgeon to safely perform difficult intra-articular osteotomies and may help limit the need for salvage procedures such as partial or complete wrist arthrodesis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2013
Deposited On:28 Jan 2014 17:33
Last Modified:16 Feb 2018 19:10
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0363-5023
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2013.09.023
PubMed ID:24189159

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