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Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in Switzerland--consequences after analysis of a 4 months pilot study


Torresani, Toni; Fingerhut, Ralph; Rueegg, Corina S; Gallati, Sabina; Kuehni, Claudia E; Baumgartner, Matthias R; Barben, Juerg (2013). Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in Switzerland--consequences after analysis of a 4 months pilot study. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 12(6):667-674.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Switzerland introduced newborn screening (NBS) for CF in 2011, using an IRT/DNA/IRT protocol. This paper describes the results of the first year and compares two versions of the protocol with different IRT cut-offs, particularly effects on recall rate, sensitivity and specificity.
METHODS: IRT cut-offs were >45 ng/ml (99.0th percentile) in period 1 (months 1-4) and >50 ng/ml (99.2nd percentile) in period 2 (months 5-12). In period 2 we abstained from recalls when none of the 7 most common CF mutations were detected and IRT was <60 ng/ml.
RESULTS: In periods 1 and 2, 26,535 and 56,663 tests were performed. Recall rates were 0.94% and 0.48%, respectively (p<0.001), PPV increased from 23% to 47% (p=0.024) and sensitivity was 90% and 100%.
CONCLUSIONS: Raising initial IRT cut-off from the 99.0th to the 99.2nd percentile and abstaining from recalls for children with an IRT<60 ng/ml and carrying no major CFTR mutation significantly reduced the recall rate without affecting sensitivity.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Switzerland introduced newborn screening (NBS) for CF in 2011, using an IRT/DNA/IRT protocol. This paper describes the results of the first year and compares two versions of the protocol with different IRT cut-offs, particularly effects on recall rate, sensitivity and specificity.
METHODS: IRT cut-offs were >45 ng/ml (99.0th percentile) in period 1 (months 1-4) and >50 ng/ml (99.2nd percentile) in period 2 (months 5-12). In period 2 we abstained from recalls when none of the 7 most common CF mutations were detected and IRT was <60 ng/ml.
RESULTS: In periods 1 and 2, 26,535 and 56,663 tests were performed. Recall rates were 0.94% and 0.48%, respectively (p<0.001), PPV increased from 23% to 47% (p=0.024) and sensitivity was 90% and 100%.
CONCLUSIONS: Raising initial IRT cut-off from the 99.0th to the 99.2nd percentile and abstaining from recalls for children with an IRT<60 ng/ml and carrying no major CFTR mutation significantly reduced the recall rate without affecting sensitivity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:12 December 2013
Deposited On:28 Jan 2014 09:43
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 08:28
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1569-1993
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2013.04.008
PubMed ID:23712087

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