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Conjugates of cytochrome c and antennapedia peptide activate apoptosis and inhibit proliferation of HeLa cancer cells


Imesch, Patrick; Scheiner, David; Szabo, Emese; Fink, Daniel; Fedier, André (2013). Conjugates of cytochrome c and antennapedia peptide activate apoptosis and inhibit proliferation of HeLa cancer cells. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 6(3):786-790.

Abstract

Polycationic cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) deliver macromolecules into cells without losing the functional properties of the cargoed macromolecule. The aim of this study was to determine whether exogenous cytochrome c is delivered to HeLa cervical carcinoma cells by the CPP antennapedia (Antp) and activates apoptosis. HeLa cervical carcinoma cells were treated with conjugated Antp-SMCC-cytochrome c (cytochrome c chemically conjugated to Antp) or with non-conjugated Antp and cytochrome c. Sensitivity to the treatments was determined by the clonogenic assay (proliferation) and by immunoblot analysis (apoptosis activation). We report that conjugated Antp-SMCC-cytochrome c activated apoptosis in HeLa cells as demonstrated by poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) cleavage and inhibited their proliferation. The Antp-SMCC-cytochrome c-induced apoptosis was inhibited by z-VAD-fmk, a pan-caspase inhibitor peptide. Unconjugated Antp or cytochrome c demonstrated no inhibitory effect on survival and proliferation. Our results suggest that chemical coupling of cytochrome c to CPPs may present a possible strategy for delivering cytochrome c into cells and for activating apoptosis.

Abstract

Polycationic cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) deliver macromolecules into cells without losing the functional properties of the cargoed macromolecule. The aim of this study was to determine whether exogenous cytochrome c is delivered to HeLa cervical carcinoma cells by the CPP antennapedia (Antp) and activates apoptosis. HeLa cervical carcinoma cells were treated with conjugated Antp-SMCC-cytochrome c (cytochrome c chemically conjugated to Antp) or with non-conjugated Antp and cytochrome c. Sensitivity to the treatments was determined by the clonogenic assay (proliferation) and by immunoblot analysis (apoptosis activation). We report that conjugated Antp-SMCC-cytochrome c activated apoptosis in HeLa cells as demonstrated by poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) cleavage and inhibited their proliferation. The Antp-SMCC-cytochrome c-induced apoptosis was inhibited by z-VAD-fmk, a pan-caspase inhibitor peptide. Unconjugated Antp or cytochrome c demonstrated no inhibitory effect on survival and proliferation. Our results suggest that chemical coupling of cytochrome c to CPPs may present a possible strategy for delivering cytochrome c into cells and for activating apoptosis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gynecology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:03 Feb 2014 10:11
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:27
Publisher:Spandidos Publications
ISSN:1792-0981
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2013.1205
PubMed ID:24137266

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