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Bone formation in a local defect around dental implants coated with extracellular matrix components


de Barros, Raquel R M; Novaes, Arthur B; Korn, Paula; Queiroz, Adriana; de Almeida, Adriana L G; Hintze, Vera; Scharnweber, Dieter; Bierbaum, Susanne; Stadlinger, Bernd (2015). Bone formation in a local defect around dental implants coated with extracellular matrix components. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 17(4):742-757.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The coating of implant surfaces with components of the extracellular matrix offers an approach to influence peri-implant bone healing. In this study, bone healing around coated implants is analyzed in a peri-implant defect model.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight months after extraction of the premolar teeth, six dogs received 48 implants (eight per animal) in the mandible. Implant surfaces were sandblasted and acid-etched, and some were additionally coated with collagen type II and chondroitin sulfate (collagen/CS). On each side of the mandible, implants either had no peri-implant defect (control side) or a vertical defect of 5 mm in depth and 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mm in width. Implants healed submerged for 8 weeks. Fluorochrome staining, histology, and histomorphometry were used to analyze implant osseointegration.
RESULTS: Fluorochrome labels showed an increased mineralization around collagen/CS-coated surfaces at 4 weeks (p = .031). Histomorphometry generally showed lower vertical and horizontal bone apposition with increasing gap size for both surface types. In gapless sites and 0.5-mm gaps, collagen/CS coated implants showed increased bone volume in areas directly adjacent to the implant, in comparison with uncoated implants (p < .05).
CONCLUSION: The width of the peri-implant gap influences peri-implant bone formation. Complete filling of all gaps by newly formed bone could not be observed around either surface. In proximity to the surface, implant surface coating by collagen/CS positively influenced bone formation.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The coating of implant surfaces with components of the extracellular matrix offers an approach to influence peri-implant bone healing. In this study, bone healing around coated implants is analyzed in a peri-implant defect model.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight months after extraction of the premolar teeth, six dogs received 48 implants (eight per animal) in the mandible. Implant surfaces were sandblasted and acid-etched, and some were additionally coated with collagen type II and chondroitin sulfate (collagen/CS). On each side of the mandible, implants either had no peri-implant defect (control side) or a vertical defect of 5 mm in depth and 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mm in width. Implants healed submerged for 8 weeks. Fluorochrome staining, histology, and histomorphometry were used to analyze implant osseointegration.
RESULTS: Fluorochrome labels showed an increased mineralization around collagen/CS-coated surfaces at 4 weeks (p = .031). Histomorphometry generally showed lower vertical and horizontal bone apposition with increasing gap size for both surface types. In gapless sites and 0.5-mm gaps, collagen/CS coated implants showed increased bone volume in areas directly adjacent to the implant, in comparison with uncoated implants (p < .05).
CONCLUSION: The width of the peri-implant gap influences peri-implant bone formation. Complete filling of all gaps by newly formed bone could not be observed around either surface. In proximity to the surface, implant surface coating by collagen/CS positively influenced bone formation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:03 Feb 2014 16:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:28
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1523-0899
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/cid.12179
PubMed ID:24283497

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