Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The sensitivity of an interferon-γ release assay in microbiologically confirmed pediatric tuberculosis


Schopfer, Kurt; Rieder, Hans L; Bodmer, Thomas; Steinlin-Schopfer, Jacqueline F; Chantana, Yay; Studer, Peter; Laurent, Denis; Richner, Beat (2014). The sensitivity of an interferon-γ release assay in microbiologically confirmed pediatric tuberculosis. European Journal of Pediatrics, 173(3):331-336.

Abstract

This study aimed at determining the sensitivity of a whole blood interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) among children with microbiologically confirmed tuberculosis in a high-burden country. Children with a diagnosis of tuberculosis based on clinical and radiographic assessment were tested with an IGRA in addition to microbiologic examination of appropriate specimens for acid-fast bacilli, mycobacterial rRNA, and observation for growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on appropriate culture media. Of the 405 children with a clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis, 91 (22.5 %) had microbiologically confirmed tuberculosis, of whom 81 were tested with an IGRA. A positive result was obtained in 43 (sensitivity 53.1 %, 95 % confidence interval 42.3 to 63.6 %), uninfluenced by age, sex, or disease manifestation. Conclusions: The sensitivity of a whole blood interferon-γ release assay in microbiologically confirmed pediatric tuberculosis was low. An IGRA cannot, thus, be used as rule-in test, but it might be useful to rule in tuberculosis among children in whom tuberculosis is notoriously difficult to confirm microbiologically.

Abstract

This study aimed at determining the sensitivity of a whole blood interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) among children with microbiologically confirmed tuberculosis in a high-burden country. Children with a diagnosis of tuberculosis based on clinical and radiographic assessment were tested with an IGRA in addition to microbiologic examination of appropriate specimens for acid-fast bacilli, mycobacterial rRNA, and observation for growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on appropriate culture media. Of the 405 children with a clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis, 91 (22.5 %) had microbiologically confirmed tuberculosis, of whom 81 were tested with an IGRA. A positive result was obtained in 43 (sensitivity 53.1 %, 95 % confidence interval 42.3 to 63.6 %), uninfluenced by age, sex, or disease manifestation. Conclusions: The sensitivity of a whole blood interferon-γ release assay in microbiologically confirmed pediatric tuberculosis was low. An IGRA cannot, thus, be used as rule-in test, but it might be useful to rule in tuberculosis among children in whom tuberculosis is notoriously difficult to confirm microbiologically.

Statistics

Citations

6 citations in Web of Science®
6 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:04 Feb 2014 10:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:28
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-6199
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-013-2161-x
PubMed ID:24065457

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Article Networks

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations