Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Omi/HtrA2 and XIAP are components of platelet apoptosis signalling


Winkler, Jeannine; Rand, Margaret L; Schmugge, Markus; Speer, Oliver (2013). Omi/HtrA2 and XIAP are components of platelet apoptosis signalling. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 109(3):532-539.

Abstract

Although platelets possess the hallmarks of apoptosis such as activation of caspases, cytochrome c release and depolarisation of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential (∆Ψm), their entire apoptotic-signalling pathway is not totally understood. Therefore we studied the expression of various apoptotic proteins and found that platelets contain the pro-apoptotic proteins Omi/HtrA2 and Smac/Diablo, as well as their target the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis XIAP. Omi/HtrA2 and Smac/Diablo were released from mitochondria into the platelet cytosol together with cytochrome c after induction of apoptosis by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 or the BH3 mimetic ABT-737, and to a lesser extent, after platelet stimulation with collagen and thrombin. Inhibition of Omi/HtrA2 led to decreased levels of activated caspase-3/7 and caspase-9, but did not abolish loss of ∆Ψm or prevent release of Omi/HtrA2 from mitochondria. These results indicate that platelets have a functional intrinsic apoptotic-signalling pathway including the pro-apoptotic protease Omi/HtrA2 and its target protein XIAP.

Abstract

Although platelets possess the hallmarks of apoptosis such as activation of caspases, cytochrome c release and depolarisation of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential (∆Ψm), their entire apoptotic-signalling pathway is not totally understood. Therefore we studied the expression of various apoptotic proteins and found that platelets contain the pro-apoptotic proteins Omi/HtrA2 and Smac/Diablo, as well as their target the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis XIAP. Omi/HtrA2 and Smac/Diablo were released from mitochondria into the platelet cytosol together with cytochrome c after induction of apoptosis by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 or the BH3 mimetic ABT-737, and to a lesser extent, after platelet stimulation with collagen and thrombin. Inhibition of Omi/HtrA2 led to decreased levels of activated caspase-3/7 and caspase-9, but did not abolish loss of ∆Ψm or prevent release of Omi/HtrA2 from mitochondria. These results indicate that platelets have a functional intrinsic apoptotic-signalling pathway including the pro-apoptotic protease Omi/HtrA2 and its target protein XIAP.

Statistics

Citations

8 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 28 Jan 2014
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:28 Jan 2014 09:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:28
Publisher:Schattauer
ISSN:0340-6245
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1160/TH12-06-0404
PubMed ID:23306356

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 607kB
View at publisher

Article Networks

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations