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Checking the garbage bin for problems in the house, or how autophagy assists in antigen presentation to the immune system


Romao, Susana; Gannage, Monique; Münz, Christian (2013). Checking the garbage bin for problems in the house, or how autophagy assists in antigen presentation to the immune system. Seminars in Cancer Biology, 23(5):391-396.

Abstract

Macroautophagy was originally discovered as a nutrient salvage pathway during starvation. By now it has not only become clear that degradation of cytoplasmic constituents via transport by autophagosomes to lysosomes can be used for innate and adaptive immunity, but that the core machinery assists antigen presentation to the immune system by a variety of vesicular transport pathways. All of these rely on the presentation of small protein waste fragments, which are generated by a variety of catabolic pathways, including macroautophagy, on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. In this review, we will point out how classical macroautophagy, as well as phagocytosis and exocytosis, which both benefit from the core autophagic machinery, assist in antigen presentation on MHC class I and II molecules to CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, respectively. Finally to high-light that macroautophagy is always intimately interconnected with cell death in addition to the various supported vesicular transport function, its role in lymphocyte, especially T cell, development and function will be discussed. From this body of work a picture is emerging that the core machinery of macroautophagy can be used for a variety of vesicular transport pathways and to modulate cell survival, besides its classical role in delivering intracellular material for lysosomal degradation.

Abstract

Macroautophagy was originally discovered as a nutrient salvage pathway during starvation. By now it has not only become clear that degradation of cytoplasmic constituents via transport by autophagosomes to lysosomes can be used for innate and adaptive immunity, but that the core machinery assists antigen presentation to the immune system by a variety of vesicular transport pathways. All of these rely on the presentation of small protein waste fragments, which are generated by a variety of catabolic pathways, including macroautophagy, on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. In this review, we will point out how classical macroautophagy, as well as phagocytosis and exocytosis, which both benefit from the core autophagic machinery, assist in antigen presentation on MHC class I and II molecules to CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, respectively. Finally to high-light that macroautophagy is always intimately interconnected with cell death in addition to the various supported vesicular transport function, its role in lymphocyte, especially T cell, development and function will be discussed. From this body of work a picture is emerging that the core machinery of macroautophagy can be used for a variety of vesicular transport pathways and to modulate cell survival, besides its classical role in delivering intracellular material for lysosomal degradation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:07 Feb 2014 07:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:29
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1044-579X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.semcancer.2013.03.001
PubMed ID:23541679

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