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Impact of donor-acceptor functionalization on the properties of linearly π-conjugated oligomers: establishing quantitative relationships for the substituent and substituent cooperative effect based on quantum chemical calculations


Varkey, Elizabeth C; Hutter, Jürg; Limacher, Peter A; Lüthi, Hans P (2013). Impact of donor-acceptor functionalization on the properties of linearly π-conjugated oligomers: establishing quantitative relationships for the substituent and substituent cooperative effect based on quantum chemical calculations. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 78(24):12681-12689.

Abstract

To understand better the impact of donor-acceptor substitution on the properties of linearly π-conjugated compounds, we performed a computational study on a series of variably substituted trans-polyacetylenes, polyynes, and polythiophenes. The focus of this work is on how rapidly the impact of a given substituent or a given combination of substituents vanishes along the π-conjugated chain. The response of the structural (bond-length alternation, rotational barrier) and molecular properties ((hyper)polarizability, chemical shift) to substitution is analyzed using different protocols, including a superposition model for the evaluation of the cooperative effect of substituents in homo- and heterosubstituted oligomers. With the exception of the (hyper)polarizability, the impact of donor-acceptor substitution is found to vanish following an exponential. The rate of decay of the substituent impact is found to be characteristic for each backbone, whereas the choice of substituent determines the absolute value of the respective property. The combination of substituents is shown to determine whether the substituent cooperative effect on a property is of an enhancing or damping nature. The rate of decay of the cooperative effect on most properties, including the (hyper)polarizability, is also found to follow an exponential law.

Abstract

To understand better the impact of donor-acceptor substitution on the properties of linearly π-conjugated compounds, we performed a computational study on a series of variably substituted trans-polyacetylenes, polyynes, and polythiophenes. The focus of this work is on how rapidly the impact of a given substituent or a given combination of substituents vanishes along the π-conjugated chain. The response of the structural (bond-length alternation, rotational barrier) and molecular properties ((hyper)polarizability, chemical shift) to substitution is analyzed using different protocols, including a superposition model for the evaluation of the cooperative effect of substituents in homo- and heterosubstituted oligomers. With the exception of the (hyper)polarizability, the impact of donor-acceptor substitution is found to vanish following an exponential. The rate of decay of the substituent impact is found to be characteristic for each backbone, whereas the choice of substituent determines the absolute value of the respective property. The combination of substituents is shown to determine whether the substituent cooperative effect on a property is of an enhancing or damping nature. The rate of decay of the cooperative effect on most properties, including the (hyper)polarizability, is also found to follow an exponential law.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:10 Feb 2014 15:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:30
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0022-3263
Additional Information:This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Journal of Organic Chemistry, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jo4022869.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/jo4022869
PubMed ID:24274818

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