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The pre-merger impact velocity of the binary cluster A1750 from x-ray, lensing, and hydrodynamical simulations


Molnar, Sandor M; Chiu, I-Non Tim; Broadhurst, Tom; Stadel, Joachim G (2013). The pre-merger impact velocity of the binary cluster A1750 from x-ray, lensing, and hydrodynamical simulations. Astrophysical Journal, 779(1):63.

Abstract

Since the discovery of the "Bullet Cluster," several similar cases have been uncovered that suggest relative velocities well beyond the tail of high speed collisions predicted by the concordance ΛCDM model. However, quantifying such post-merger events with hydrodynamical models requires a wide coverage of possible initial conditions. Here, we show that it is simpler to interpret pre-merger cases, such as A1750, where the gas between the colliding clusters is modestly affected, so that the initial conditions are clear. We analyze publicly available Chandra data confirming a significant increase in the projected X-ray temperature between the two cluster centers in A1750 consistent with our expectations for a merging cluster. We model this system with a self-consistent hydrodynamical simulation of dark matter and gas using the FLASH code. Our simulations reproduce well the X-ray data and the measured redshift difference between the two clusters in the phase before the first core passage viewed at an intermediate projection angle. The deprojected initial relative velocity derived using our model is 1460 km s–1, which is considerably higher than the predicted mean impact velocity for simulated massive haloes derived by recent ΛCDM cosmological simulations, but is within the allowed range. Our simulations demonstrate that such systems can be identified using a multi-wavelength approach and numerical simulations, for which the statistical distribution of relative impact velocities may provide a definitive examination of a broad range of dark matter scenarios.

Abstract

Since the discovery of the "Bullet Cluster," several similar cases have been uncovered that suggest relative velocities well beyond the tail of high speed collisions predicted by the concordance ΛCDM model. However, quantifying such post-merger events with hydrodynamical models requires a wide coverage of possible initial conditions. Here, we show that it is simpler to interpret pre-merger cases, such as A1750, where the gas between the colliding clusters is modestly affected, so that the initial conditions are clear. We analyze publicly available Chandra data confirming a significant increase in the projected X-ray temperature between the two cluster centers in A1750 consistent with our expectations for a merging cluster. We model this system with a self-consistent hydrodynamical simulation of dark matter and gas using the FLASH code. Our simulations reproduce well the X-ray data and the measured redshift difference between the two clusters in the phase before the first core passage viewed at an intermediate projection angle. The deprojected initial relative velocity derived using our model is 1460 km s–1, which is considerably higher than the predicted mean impact velocity for simulated massive haloes derived by recent ΛCDM cosmological simulations, but is within the allowed range. Our simulations demonstrate that such systems can be identified using a multi-wavelength approach and numerical simulations, for which the statistical distribution of relative impact velocities may provide a definitive examination of a broad range of dark matter scenarios.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute for Computational Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:December 2013
Deposited On:11 Feb 2014 11:35
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 03:11
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN:0004-637X
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/779/1/63

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