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Quantifying the speed of fluctuations in systolic blood pressure


van Gestel, Arnoldus J R; Camen, Giovanni; Clarenbach, Christian F; Sievi, Noriane; Rossi, Valentina A; Kohler, Malcolm (2013). Quantifying the speed of fluctuations in systolic blood pressure. Hypertension Research, 36(12):1039-1044.

Abstract

Increased blood pressure variability (BPV), even in the absence of hypertension, has been identified as an important independent cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). However, the role of the speed of changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP; vSBP) on cardiovascular risk needs to be investigated. The objective of this study was to investigate whether subjects with a high cardiovascular risk profile have an increased degree and speed of changes in SBP compared with subjects with low or no risk. Resting beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) was recorded for 5 min. Standard BPV measures in both time and frequency domains were conducted. The s.d. of SBP (s.d.-SBP) values was used to quantify the degree of BPV. vSBP was assessed by calculating the slopes of oscillatory fluctuations in SBP for different interbeat intervals (IBI). Subjects were allocated to one of four groups according to the number of CVRFs (0, 1, 2, ≥ 3 CVRF). Of 122 subjects, 19.7% had 0 CVRF, 27.0% had 1, 32.0% had 2 and 21.3% had ≥ 3 CVRFs. There was an increase in vSBP across the four risk groups. The vSBP in patients without CVRF was 3.12 (1.09), 1 CVRF 3.23 (1.07), 2 CVRF 4.16 (2.26) and ≥ 3 CVRF 4.22 (1.66; P = 0.015). The s.d.-SBP was not significantly different between the cardiovascular risk groups. The speed of fluctuations in SBP rather than the degree of BPV is pronounced in patients with elevated cardiovascular risk. Increased speed of BP fluctuations may thus be a contributing mechanism to cardiovascular morbidity.

Abstract

Increased blood pressure variability (BPV), even in the absence of hypertension, has been identified as an important independent cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). However, the role of the speed of changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP; vSBP) on cardiovascular risk needs to be investigated. The objective of this study was to investigate whether subjects with a high cardiovascular risk profile have an increased degree and speed of changes in SBP compared with subjects with low or no risk. Resting beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) was recorded for 5 min. Standard BPV measures in both time and frequency domains were conducted. The s.d. of SBP (s.d.-SBP) values was used to quantify the degree of BPV. vSBP was assessed by calculating the slopes of oscillatory fluctuations in SBP for different interbeat intervals (IBI). Subjects were allocated to one of four groups according to the number of CVRFs (0, 1, 2, ≥ 3 CVRF). Of 122 subjects, 19.7% had 0 CVRF, 27.0% had 1, 32.0% had 2 and 21.3% had ≥ 3 CVRFs. There was an increase in vSBP across the four risk groups. The vSBP in patients without CVRF was 3.12 (1.09), 1 CVRF 3.23 (1.07), 2 CVRF 4.16 (2.26) and ≥ 3 CVRF 4.22 (1.66; P = 0.015). The s.d.-SBP was not significantly different between the cardiovascular risk groups. The speed of fluctuations in SBP rather than the degree of BPV is pronounced in patients with elevated cardiovascular risk. Increased speed of BP fluctuations may thus be a contributing mechanism to cardiovascular morbidity.

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4 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:11 Feb 2014 13:38
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 03:18
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0916-9636
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/hr.2013.62
PubMed ID:23784510

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