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Intra-operative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use in pediatric lung transplantation - the Zurich experience


Zuercher, Alice J; Inci, Ilhan; Benden, Christian; Fretz, Gregory; Béchir, Markus; Boehler, Annette; Weder, Walter (2013). Intra-operative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use in pediatric lung transplantation - the Zurich experience. Pediatric Transplantation, 17(8):800-805.

Abstract

There is a lack of data regarding use of ECMO in children undergoing lung transplantation. We evaluated our experience of ECMO in pediatric lung transplant recipients. All patients (<18 yr) who underwent lung transplants between 1997 and 2011 were included (17 children; nine males; median age 16 yr), and the use of intra-operative ECMO evaluated. Transplant procedures were carried out with intra-operative ECMO in seven children (all bilateral lung transplants). Demographics of ECMO and non-ECMO patients were comparable. One child was already on ECMO pre-operative. Lung graft size reduction was undertaken in five ECMO and four non-ECMO cases, respectively. Five patients were taken off ECMO intra-operatively; the other patients were weaned off ECMO within 48 h post-operatively. Three-months survival was 100%. By 12 months post-transplantation, one patient each died in the ECMO and in the non-ECMO group. At the end of the study, six of seven ECMO cases were still alive (median survival 48.5 months); one patient required a retransplant at 53 months. Our small case series suggests that lung transplant procedures can be safely carried out in selected children on intra-operative ECMO support; however, our pediatric experience regarding this scenario is very limited but probably almost unique.

Abstract

There is a lack of data regarding use of ECMO in children undergoing lung transplantation. We evaluated our experience of ECMO in pediatric lung transplant recipients. All patients (<18 yr) who underwent lung transplants between 1997 and 2011 were included (17 children; nine males; median age 16 yr), and the use of intra-operative ECMO evaluated. Transplant procedures were carried out with intra-operative ECMO in seven children (all bilateral lung transplants). Demographics of ECMO and non-ECMO patients were comparable. One child was already on ECMO pre-operative. Lung graft size reduction was undertaken in five ECMO and four non-ECMO cases, respectively. Five patients were taken off ECMO intra-operatively; the other patients were weaned off ECMO within 48 h post-operatively. Three-months survival was 100%. By 12 months post-transplantation, one patient each died in the ECMO and in the non-ECMO group. At the end of the study, six of seven ECMO cases were still alive (median survival 48.5 months); one patient required a retransplant at 53 months. Our small case series suggests that lung transplant procedures can be safely carried out in selected children on intra-operative ECMO support; however, our pediatric experience regarding this scenario is very limited but probably almost unique.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Intensive Care Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:12 Feb 2014 13:31
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1397-3142
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/petr.12155
PubMed ID:24164829

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