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Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of arterial Spin-Labeling-MRI and H2[15O]-PET


Goetti, R; Warnock, G; Kuhn, F P; Guggenberger, R; O'Gorman, Ruth; Buck, A; Khan, N; Scheer, I (2014). Quantitative Cerebral Perfusion Imaging in Children and Young Adults with Moyamoya Disease: Comparison of arterial Spin-Labeling-MRI and H2[15O]-PET. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 35(5):1022-1028.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Cerebral perfusion assessment is important in the preoperative evaluation and postoperative follow-up of patients with Moyamoya disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation of quantitative CBF measurements performed with arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET in children and young adults with Moyamoya disease.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Thirteen children and young adults (8 female patients; age, 9.7 ± 7.1 years; range, 1-23 years) with Moyamoya disease underwent cerebral perfusion imaging with H2[(15)O]-PET (Discovery STE PET/CT, 3D Fourier rebinning filtered back-projection, 128 × 128 × 47 matrix, 2.34 × 2.34 × 3.27 mm(3) voxel spacing) and arterial spin-labeling (3T scanner, 3D pulsed continuous arterial spin-labeling sequence, 32 axial sections, TR = 5.5 seconds, TE = 25 ms, FOV = 24 cm, 128 × 128 matrix, 1.875 × 1.875 × 5 mm(3) voxel spacing) within less than 2 weeks of each other. Perfusion of left and right anterior cerebral artery, MCA, and posterior cerebral artery territories was qualitatively assessed for arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET by 2 independent readers by use of a 3-point-Likert scale. Quantitative correlation of relative CBF with cerebellar normalization between arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET was evaluated in a volume-based approach for each vascular territory after 3D image coregistration.RESULTS:Interreader agreement was good (κ = 0.67-0.69), and strong and significant correlations were found between arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET for both qualitative perfusion scoring (ρ = 0.77; P < .001) and quantitative perfusion assessment of relative CBF with cerebellar normalization (r = 0.67, P < .001).CONCLUSIONS:In children and young adults with Moyamoya disease, quantitative evaluation of CBF is possible with the use of arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging without ionizing radiation or contrast injection with a good correlation to H2[(15)O]-PET after cerebellar normalization.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Cerebral perfusion assessment is important in the preoperative evaluation and postoperative follow-up of patients with Moyamoya disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation of quantitative CBF measurements performed with arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET in children and young adults with Moyamoya disease.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Thirteen children and young adults (8 female patients; age, 9.7 ± 7.1 years; range, 1-23 years) with Moyamoya disease underwent cerebral perfusion imaging with H2[(15)O]-PET (Discovery STE PET/CT, 3D Fourier rebinning filtered back-projection, 128 × 128 × 47 matrix, 2.34 × 2.34 × 3.27 mm(3) voxel spacing) and arterial spin-labeling (3T scanner, 3D pulsed continuous arterial spin-labeling sequence, 32 axial sections, TR = 5.5 seconds, TE = 25 ms, FOV = 24 cm, 128 × 128 matrix, 1.875 × 1.875 × 5 mm(3) voxel spacing) within less than 2 weeks of each other. Perfusion of left and right anterior cerebral artery, MCA, and posterior cerebral artery territories was qualitatively assessed for arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET by 2 independent readers by use of a 3-point-Likert scale. Quantitative correlation of relative CBF with cerebellar normalization between arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET was evaluated in a volume-based approach for each vascular territory after 3D image coregistration.RESULTS:Interreader agreement was good (κ = 0.67-0.69), and strong and significant correlations were found between arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging and H2[(15)O]-PET for both qualitative perfusion scoring (ρ = 0.77; P < .001) and quantitative perfusion assessment of relative CBF with cerebellar normalization (r = 0.67, P < .001).CONCLUSIONS:In children and young adults with Moyamoya disease, quantitative evaluation of CBF is possible with the use of arterial spin-labeling-MR imaging without ionizing radiation or contrast injection with a good correlation to H2[(15)O]-PET after cerebellar normalization.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:12 Feb 2014 12:33
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:33
Publisher:American Society of Neuroradiology
ISSN:0195-6108
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A3799
PubMed ID:24335546

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