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Appearances are deceptive...


Franzen, Daniel; Butsch, Raphael; Chaloupka, Karla (2013). Appearances are deceptive... BMJ Case Reports, 2013:online.

Abstract

A 31-year-old man was referred with sudden onset of a painful periorbital angio-oedema. Assuming a first episode of allergic or acquired angio-oedema, the patient was treated with a plasma-derived C1 esterase inhibitor, tranexamic acid and fresh-frozen plasma, after the initial treatment with corticosteroids and histamine blockers was unsuccessful. As blood cultures grew group A streptococci, the diagnosis of periorbital necrotising fasciitis was made, and treatment was subsequently changed to clindamycin and ceftriaxone. Necrotising fasciitis involving the periorbita is a rare and potentially lethal differential diagnosis of acute angio-oedema, in particular if accompanied by severe pain and/or fever. Knowledge on the appearance of this disorder cannot be overemphasised, as only early recognition and immediate initiation of high-dose penicillin and clindamycin combined with tissue debridement help to decrease the mortality and morbidity.

Abstract

A 31-year-old man was referred with sudden onset of a painful periorbital angio-oedema. Assuming a first episode of allergic or acquired angio-oedema, the patient was treated with a plasma-derived C1 esterase inhibitor, tranexamic acid and fresh-frozen plasma, after the initial treatment with corticosteroids and histamine blockers was unsuccessful. As blood cultures grew group A streptococci, the diagnosis of periorbital necrotising fasciitis was made, and treatment was subsequently changed to clindamycin and ceftriaxone. Necrotising fasciitis involving the periorbita is a rare and potentially lethal differential diagnosis of acute angio-oedema, in particular if accompanied by severe pain and/or fever. Knowledge on the appearance of this disorder cannot be overemphasised, as only early recognition and immediate initiation of high-dose penicillin and clindamycin combined with tissue debridement help to decrease the mortality and morbidity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:12 Feb 2014 13:47
Last Modified:16 Feb 2018 19:36
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:1757-790X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2013-009315
PubMed ID:23697450

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