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The large functional spectrum of the heparin-binding cytokines MK and HB-GAM in continuously growing organs: the rodent incisor as a model


Mitsiadis, T A; Caton, J; De Bari, C; Bluteau, G (2008). The large functional spectrum of the heparin-binding cytokines MK and HB-GAM in continuously growing organs: the rodent incisor as a model. Developmental Biology, 320(1):256-266.

Abstract

The heparin binding molecules MK and HB-GAM are involved in the regulation of growth and differentiation of many tissues and organs. Here we analyzed the expression of MK and HB-GAM in the developing mouse incisors, which are continuously growing organs with a stem cell compartment. Overlapping but distinct expression patterns for MK and HB-GAM were observed during all stages of incisor development (initiation, morphogenesis, cytodifferentiation). Both proteins were detected in the enamel knot, a transient epithelial signaling structure that is important for tooth morphogenesis, and the cervical loop where the stem cell niche is located. The functions of MK and HB-GAM were studied in dental explants and organotypic cultures in vitro. In mesenchymal explants, MK stimulated HB-GAM expression and, vice-versa, HB-GAM upregulated MK expression, thus indicating a regulatory loop between these proteins. BMP and FGF molecules also activated expression of both cytokines in mesenchyme. The proliferative effects of MK and HB-GAM varied according to the mesenchymal or epithelial origin of the tissue. Growth, cytodifferentiation and mineralization were inhibited in incisor germs cultured in the presence of MK neutralizing antibodies. These results demonstrate that MK and HB-GAM are involved in stem cells maintenance, cytodifferentiation and mineralization processes during mouse incisor development.

Abstract

The heparin binding molecules MK and HB-GAM are involved in the regulation of growth and differentiation of many tissues and organs. Here we analyzed the expression of MK and HB-GAM in the developing mouse incisors, which are continuously growing organs with a stem cell compartment. Overlapping but distinct expression patterns for MK and HB-GAM were observed during all stages of incisor development (initiation, morphogenesis, cytodifferentiation). Both proteins were detected in the enamel knot, a transient epithelial signaling structure that is important for tooth morphogenesis, and the cervical loop where the stem cell niche is located. The functions of MK and HB-GAM were studied in dental explants and organotypic cultures in vitro. In mesenchymal explants, MK stimulated HB-GAM expression and, vice-versa, HB-GAM upregulated MK expression, thus indicating a regulatory loop between these proteins. BMP and FGF molecules also activated expression of both cytokines in mesenchyme. The proliferative effects of MK and HB-GAM varied according to the mesenchymal or epithelial origin of the tissue. Growth, cytodifferentiation and mineralization were inhibited in incisor germs cultured in the presence of MK neutralizing antibodies. These results demonstrate that MK and HB-GAM are involved in stem cells maintenance, cytodifferentiation and mineralization processes during mouse incisor development.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2008
Deposited On:05 Jan 2009 11:00
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 16:27
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0012-1606
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.05.530
PubMed ID:18582856

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