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The impact of modern noninvasive cardiac imaging on coronary intervention rates


Fröhlich, Georg M; Schoch, Boris; Wolfrum, Mathias; Osranek, Martin; Enseleit, Frank; Herzog, Bernhard A; Hasun, Mathias; Lüscher, Thomas F; Meier, Pascal; Gaemperli, Oliver; Kaufmann, Philipp A; Corti, Roberto (2014). The impact of modern noninvasive cardiac imaging on coronary intervention rates. Journal of Interventional Cardiology, 27(1):50-57.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: It remains still unclear whether the use of modern noninvasive diagnostic modalities for evaluation of coronary artery disease (computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA), nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI)) were able to change the "diagnostic yield" of invasive coronary angiography (ICA).
METHODS: The total number of ICA in the years 2000-2009 was related to the number of percutaneous interventions (PCIs) and we assessed whether there was a significant trend over time using time series analyses. We compared these data with the number of patients undergoing CTCA and nuclear MPI in the same time period.
RESULTS: During the 10-year observational period, 23,397 ICA were performed. The proportion of purely diagnostic ICA (without PCI) remained stable over the whole study period (tau = -0.111, P = 0.721). A CTCA program was initiated in 2005 and 1,407 examinations were performed until 2009. Similarly, the number of nuclear MPI increased from 2,284 in the years 2000-2004 to 5,260 in the years 2005-2009 (P = 0.009).
CONCLUSION: Despite increasing availability, noninvasive testing modalities did not significantly alter the rate of purely diagnostic ICA, and still are underused as gatekeeper to ICA. Further effort is needed to optimize the use of noninvasive imaging modalities in the work-up process for coronary artery disease. (J Interven Cardiol 2014;27:50-57).

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: It remains still unclear whether the use of modern noninvasive diagnostic modalities for evaluation of coronary artery disease (computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA), nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI)) were able to change the "diagnostic yield" of invasive coronary angiography (ICA).
METHODS: The total number of ICA in the years 2000-2009 was related to the number of percutaneous interventions (PCIs) and we assessed whether there was a significant trend over time using time series analyses. We compared these data with the number of patients undergoing CTCA and nuclear MPI in the same time period.
RESULTS: During the 10-year observational period, 23,397 ICA were performed. The proportion of purely diagnostic ICA (without PCI) remained stable over the whole study period (tau = -0.111, P = 0.721). A CTCA program was initiated in 2005 and 1,407 examinations were performed until 2009. Similarly, the number of nuclear MPI increased from 2,284 in the years 2000-2004 to 5,260 in the years 2005-2009 (P = 0.009).
CONCLUSION: Despite increasing availability, noninvasive testing modalities did not significantly alter the rate of purely diagnostic ICA, and still are underused as gatekeeper to ICA. Further effort is needed to optimize the use of noninvasive imaging modalities in the work-up process for coronary artery disease. (J Interven Cardiol 2014;27:50-57).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:18 Mar 2014 15:52
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 03:56
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0896-4327
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/joic.12079
PubMed ID:24410715

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