Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

A biologically realistic model of contrast invariant orientation tuning by thalamocortical synaptic depression


Banitt, Y; Martin, K A C; Segev, I (2007). A biologically realistic model of contrast invariant orientation tuning by thalamocortical synaptic depression. Journal of Neuroscience, 27(38):10230-10239.

Abstract

Simple cells in layer 4 of the primary visual cortex of the cat show contrast-invariant orientation tuning, in which the amplitude of the peak response is proportional to the stimulus contrast but the width of the tuning curve hardly changes with contrast. This study uses a detailed model of spiny stellate cells (SSCs) from cat area 17 to explain this property. The model integrates our experimental data, including morphological and intrinsic membrane properties and the number and spatial distribution of four major synaptic input sources of the SSC: the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and three cortical sources. The model also includes synaptic properties of these inputs. The cortical input served as sources of background activity, and visual stimuli was modeled as sinusoidal grating. For all contrasts, strong synaptic depression of the dLGN feedforward afferents compresses the firing rates in response to orthogonal stimuli, keeping these rates at practically the same low level. However, at preferred orientations, despite synaptic depression, firing rate changes as a function of contrast. Thus, when embedded in an active network, strong synaptic depression can explain contrast-invariant orientation tuning of simple cells. This is true also when the dLGN inputs are partially depressed as a result of their spontaneous activity and to some extent also when parameters were fitted to a more moderate level of synaptic depression. The model response is in close agreement with experimental results, in terms of both output spikes and membrane voltage (amplitude and fluctuations), with reasonable exceptions given that recurrent connections were not incorporated.

Abstract

Simple cells in layer 4 of the primary visual cortex of the cat show contrast-invariant orientation tuning, in which the amplitude of the peak response is proportional to the stimulus contrast but the width of the tuning curve hardly changes with contrast. This study uses a detailed model of spiny stellate cells (SSCs) from cat area 17 to explain this property. The model integrates our experimental data, including morphological and intrinsic membrane properties and the number and spatial distribution of four major synaptic input sources of the SSC: the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and three cortical sources. The model also includes synaptic properties of these inputs. The cortical input served as sources of background activity, and visual stimuli was modeled as sinusoidal grating. For all contrasts, strong synaptic depression of the dLGN feedforward afferents compresses the firing rates in response to orthogonal stimuli, keeping these rates at practically the same low level. However, at preferred orientations, despite synaptic depression, firing rate changes as a function of contrast. Thus, when embedded in an active network, strong synaptic depression can explain contrast-invariant orientation tuning of simple cells. This is true also when the dLGN inputs are partially depressed as a result of their spontaneous activity and to some extent also when parameters were fitted to a more moderate level of synaptic depression. The model response is in close agreement with experimental results, in terms of both output spikes and membrane voltage (amplitude and fluctuations), with reasonable exceptions given that recurrent connections were not incorporated.

Statistics

Citations

26 citations in Web of Science®
26 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 19 Mar 2014
10 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Neuroinformatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:19 Mar 2014 10:06
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 04:15
Publisher:Society for Neuroscience
ISSN:0270-6474
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1640-07.2007
PubMed ID:17881529

Download

Download PDF  'A biologically realistic model of contrast invariant orientation tuning by thalamocortical synaptic depression'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 646kB
View at publisher