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Adjuvant gemcitabine after surgical removal of aggressive malignant mammary tumours in dogs


Marconato, L; Lorenzo, R M; Abramo, F; Ratto, A; Zini, E (2008). Adjuvant gemcitabine after surgical removal of aggressive malignant mammary tumours in dogs. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology, 6(2):90-101.

Abstract

Canine mammary tumours are generally treated with surgery alone, despite the fact that 50% of them are malignant and many will eventually lead to recurrence or metastases. A prospective clinical trial in which dogs with aggressive mammary carcinoma of clinical stages IV and V were treated with surgical excision (n = 9) or with surgery and adjuvant weekly gemcitabine (n = 10) for at least four cycles was conducted. Gemcitabine was given as an intravenous infusion at the dose of 800 mg m−2. Aim of the study was to explore potential beneficial effects of gemcitabine on time to local recurrence (TTR), time to distant metastases (TTM) and overall survival (OS) in canine patients with operated mammary tumours bearing high risk for locoregional failure and distant metastases. Also, factors associated with OS, including neutering status, body weight, age, clinical stage at presentation, tumour size, histological grade and, in dogs receiving chemotherapy, the number of gemcitabine treatments, were investigated. Finally, acute toxicities related to chemotherapy and quality of life were assessed in dogs receiving gemcitabine. Dogs treated with surgery alone or surgery followed by gemcitabine had no difference in TTR, TTM or OS (P > 0.05). In the group of dogs receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, the number of gemcitabine treatments was positively correlated with OS (P = 0.017). Gemcitabine treatment was well tolerated, with no dogs experiencing clinically relevant haematological or gastrointestinal toxicity. Despite being safe at the present dose, gemcitabine chemotherapy as an adjunct treatment to surgical excision may not be recommended in dogs with aggressive mammary carcinoma

Abstract

Canine mammary tumours are generally treated with surgery alone, despite the fact that 50% of them are malignant and many will eventually lead to recurrence or metastases. A prospective clinical trial in which dogs with aggressive mammary carcinoma of clinical stages IV and V were treated with surgical excision (n = 9) or with surgery and adjuvant weekly gemcitabine (n = 10) for at least four cycles was conducted. Gemcitabine was given as an intravenous infusion at the dose of 800 mg m−2. Aim of the study was to explore potential beneficial effects of gemcitabine on time to local recurrence (TTR), time to distant metastases (TTM) and overall survival (OS) in canine patients with operated mammary tumours bearing high risk for locoregional failure and distant metastases. Also, factors associated with OS, including neutering status, body weight, age, clinical stage at presentation, tumour size, histological grade and, in dogs receiving chemotherapy, the number of gemcitabine treatments, were investigated. Finally, acute toxicities related to chemotherapy and quality of life were assessed in dogs receiving gemcitabine. Dogs treated with surgery alone or surgery followed by gemcitabine had no difference in TTR, TTM or OS (P > 0.05). In the group of dogs receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, the number of gemcitabine treatments was positively correlated with OS (P = 0.017). Gemcitabine treatment was well tolerated, with no dogs experiencing clinically relevant haematological or gastrointestinal toxicity. Despite being safe at the present dose, gemcitabine chemotherapy as an adjunct treatment to surgical excision may not be recommended in dogs with aggressive mammary carcinoma

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:6 May 2008
Deposited On:14 Jan 2009 14:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:46
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1476-5810
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5829.2007.00143.x

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