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Cortical Plasticity: A view from non-human primates


Kiper, Daniel C; Martin, Kevan A C; Scherberger, Hans J (2007). Cortical Plasticity: A view from non-human primates. Neurodegenerative Diseases, 4(1):34-42.

Abstract

The primate's large brain-to-body weight ratio and high complexity are unusual in the animal kingdom. There is compelling evidence that it is an evolutionary adaptation that allows its owner to live a long life because of its competence in solving a wide range of problems. How primates use their brain to achieve such competence is of course of central interest to us. Here we review some key aspects of the neocortex that can be explored in nonhuman primates. Studies of the cortical circuits in the visual cortex reveal that the two major types of pathways, called feedforward and feedback, involve a very small fraction of the total synapses that any area contains. Nevertheless these pathways may be critical for some important forms of cortical plasticity, like perceptual learning and tasks involving perception and action.

Abstract

The primate's large brain-to-body weight ratio and high complexity are unusual in the animal kingdom. There is compelling evidence that it is an evolutionary adaptation that allows its owner to live a long life because of its competence in solving a wide range of problems. How primates use their brain to achieve such competence is of course of central interest to us. Here we review some key aspects of the neocortex that can be explored in nonhuman primates. Studies of the cortical circuits in the visual cortex reveal that the two major types of pathways, called feedforward and feedback, involve a very small fraction of the total synapses that any area contains. Nevertheless these pathways may be critical for some important forms of cortical plasticity, like perceptual learning and tasks involving perception and action.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Neuroinformatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:21 Mar 2014 12:59
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 04:26
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1660-2854
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000100357
PubMed ID:17429217

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