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The C. elegans LAR-like receptor tyrosine phosphatase PTP-3 and the VAB-1 Eph receptor tyrosine kinase have partly redundant functions in morphogenesis.


Harrington, R J; Gutch, M J; Hengartner, M O; Tonks, N K; Chisholm, A D (2002). The C. elegans LAR-like receptor tyrosine phosphatase PTP-3 and the VAB-1 Eph receptor tyrosine kinase have partly redundant functions in morphogenesis. Development, 129(9):2141-2153.

Abstract

Receptor-like protein-tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) form a diverse family of cell surface molecules whose functions remain poorly understood. The LAR subfamily of RPTPs has been implicated in axon guidance and neural development. Here we report the molecular and genetic analysis of the C. elegans LAR subfamily member PTP-3. PTP-3 isoforms are expressed in many tissues in early embryogenesis, and later become localized to neuronal processes and to epithelial adherens junctions. Loss of function in ptp-3 causes low-penetrance defects in gastrulation and epidermal development similar to those of VAB-1 Eph receptor tyrosine kinase mutants. Loss of function in ptp-3 synergistically enhances phenotypes of mutations in the C. elegans Eph receptor VAB-1 and a subset of its ephrin ligands, but does not show specific interactions with several other RTKs or morphogenetic mutants. The genetic interaction of vab-1 and ptp-3 suggests that LAR-like RPTPs and Eph receptors have related and partly redundant functions in C. elegans morphogenesis.

Abstract

Receptor-like protein-tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) form a diverse family of cell surface molecules whose functions remain poorly understood. The LAR subfamily of RPTPs has been implicated in axon guidance and neural development. Here we report the molecular and genetic analysis of the C. elegans LAR subfamily member PTP-3. PTP-3 isoforms are expressed in many tissues in early embryogenesis, and later become localized to neuronal processes and to epithelial adherens junctions. Loss of function in ptp-3 causes low-penetrance defects in gastrulation and epidermal development similar to those of VAB-1 Eph receptor tyrosine kinase mutants. Loss of function in ptp-3 synergistically enhances phenotypes of mutations in the C. elegans Eph receptor VAB-1 and a subset of its ephrin ligands, but does not show specific interactions with several other RTKs or morphogenetic mutants. The genetic interaction of vab-1 and ptp-3 suggests that LAR-like RPTPs and Eph receptors have related and partly redundant functions in C. elegans morphogenesis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 May 2002
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:19
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 13:22
Publisher:Company of Biologists
ISSN:0950-1991
Related URLs:http://dev.biologists.org/cgi/content/full/129/9/2141
PubMed ID:11959824

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