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Alcohol and all-cause mortality: a pooled analysis


Rehm, Jürgen; Gutjahr, E; Gmel, Gerhard (2001). Alcohol and all-cause mortality: a pooled analysis. Contemporary Drug Problems, 28:337-361.

Abstract

Alcohol use is related to a wide variety of negative health outcomes including morbidity, mortality, and disability. Research on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality takes into account the varying effects of overall alcohol consumption and drinking patterns. The results from this epidemiological research indicate that alcohol use increases the risk for many chronic health consequences (e.g., diseases) and acute consequences (e.g., traffic crashes), but a certain pattern of regular light-to-moderate drinking may have beneficial effects on coronary heart disease. Several issues are relevant to the methodology of studies of alcohol-related morbidity and mortality, including the measurement of both alcohol consumption and the outcomes studied as well as study design. Broad summary measures that reflect alcohol’s possible effects on morbidity, mortality, and disability may be more useful than measures of any one outcome alone.

Abstract

Alcohol use is related to a wide variety of negative health outcomes including morbidity, mortality, and disability. Research on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality takes into account the varying effects of overall alcohol consumption and drinking patterns. The results from this epidemiological research indicate that alcohol use increases the risk for many chronic health consequences (e.g., diseases) and acute consequences (e.g., traffic crashes), but a certain pattern of regular light-to-moderate drinking may have beneficial effects on coronary heart disease. Several issues are relevant to the methodology of studies of alcohol-related morbidity and mortality, including the measurement of both alcohol consumption and the outcomes studied as well as study design. Broad summary measures that reflect alcohol’s possible effects on morbidity, mortality, and disability may be more useful than measures of any one outcome alone.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Analysis; mortality; AODR (alcohol and other drug related) mortality; morbidity; epidemiological indicators; chronic AODE (alcohol and other drug effects); acute AODE; amount of AOD use; alcoholic beverage; heart disorder; meal and meal time
Language:English, German
Date:2001
Deposited On:04 Jun 2014 08:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:47
Publisher:Federal Legal Publishing
ISSN:0091-4509
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh27-1/39-51.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.federallegalpublications.com/contemporary-drug-problems

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