Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Prognostic value of coronary CT angiography on long-term follow-up of 6.9 years


Dougoud, Svetlana; Fuchs, Tobias A; Stehli, Julia; Clerc, Olivier F; Buechel, Ronny R; Herzog, Bernhard A; Leschka, Sebastian; Alkadhi, Hatem; Kaufmann, Philipp A; Gaemperli, Oliver (2014). Prognostic value of coronary CT angiography on long-term follow-up of 6.9 years. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 30(5):969-976.

Abstract

Long term follow-up of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is scarce. The aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic value of CCTA over a follow-up period of more than 6 years. 218 Patients were included undergoing 64-slice CCTA. Images were analysed with regard to the presence of nonobstructive (<50 %) or obstructive (50 % stenosis) coronary artery disease (CAD). Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as death, nonfatal myocardial infarction or urgent coronary revascularization. CCTA revealed normal coronaries in 49, nonobstructive lesions in 94, and obstructive CAD in 75 patients. During a median follow-up period of 6.9 years, MACE occurred in 45 patients (21 %). Annual MACE rates were 0.3, 2.7, and 6.0 % (p = 0.001), for patients with normal CCTA, nonobstructive, and obstructive CAD, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified the number of segments with plaques [hazard ratio (HR) 1.18, p = 0.002] as well as the presence of obstructive lesions (HR 2.28, p = 0.036) as independent predictors of MACE. The present study extends the predictive value of CCTA over more than 6 years. Patients with normal coronary arteries of CCTA continue to have an excellent cardiac prognosis, while outcome is progressively worse in patients with nonobstructive and obstructive CAD.

Abstract

Long term follow-up of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is scarce. The aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic value of CCTA over a follow-up period of more than 6 years. 218 Patients were included undergoing 64-slice CCTA. Images were analysed with regard to the presence of nonobstructive (<50 %) or obstructive (50 % stenosis) coronary artery disease (CAD). Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as death, nonfatal myocardial infarction or urgent coronary revascularization. CCTA revealed normal coronaries in 49, nonobstructive lesions in 94, and obstructive CAD in 75 patients. During a median follow-up period of 6.9 years, MACE occurred in 45 patients (21 %). Annual MACE rates were 0.3, 2.7, and 6.0 % (p = 0.001), for patients with normal CCTA, nonobstructive, and obstructive CAD, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified the number of segments with plaques [hazard ratio (HR) 1.18, p = 0.002] as well as the presence of obstructive lesions (HR 2.28, p = 0.036) as independent predictors of MACE. The present study extends the predictive value of CCTA over more than 6 years. Patients with normal coronary arteries of CCTA continue to have an excellent cardiac prognosis, while outcome is progressively worse in patients with nonobstructive and obstructive CAD.

Statistics

Citations

13 citations in Web of Science®
14 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:2014
Deposited On:15 Apr 2014 12:31
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:49
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1569-5794
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10554-014-0420-1
PubMed ID:24710707

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher