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Greenhouse gas benefits of fighting obesity


Michaelowa, Axel; Dransfeld, Björn (2008). Greenhouse gas benefits of fighting obesity. Ecological Economics, 66(2/3):298-308.

Abstract

Given the lack of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) activities in least developed countries (LDCs), subsidies for CDM projects have been suggested as a remedy. To date, subsidies spent in the CDM context have been limited to capacity building. Donor agencies have provided close to EUR45 million for awareness raising, institutional capacity building and project development in Africa and LDCs over the last 10 years, which equals about 8% of the total CDM revenues in these countries. Per registered project, the implicit subsidy reaches almost EUR1 million. This article assesses these CDM subsidies with regard to their effectiveness in mobilizing institutional set-up and project development. Targeted capacity building programmes, such as those focused on establishing a Designated National Authority, have been successful, but project development support did not mobilize significant numbers of CDM projects in most LDCs. Donor assistance was more effective when it assisted the whole process of CDM project development and not just a part of it. Overall, capacity building subsidies are a necessary but not a sufficient condition for mobilizing CDM projects. They cannot stand in for the lack of domestic capital required to set up projects.

Abstract

Given the lack of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) activities in least developed countries (LDCs), subsidies for CDM projects have been suggested as a remedy. To date, subsidies spent in the CDM context have been limited to capacity building. Donor agencies have provided close to EUR45 million for awareness raising, institutional capacity building and project development in Africa and LDCs over the last 10 years, which equals about 8% of the total CDM revenues in these countries. Per registered project, the implicit subsidy reaches almost EUR1 million. This article assesses these CDM subsidies with regard to their effectiveness in mobilizing institutional set-up and project development. Targeted capacity building programmes, such as those focused on establishing a Designated National Authority, have been successful, but project development support did not mobilize significant numbers of CDM projects in most LDCs. Donor assistance was more effective when it assisted the whole process of CDM project development and not just a part of it. Overall, capacity building subsidies are a necessary but not a sufficient condition for mobilizing CDM projects. They cannot stand in for the lack of domestic capital required to set up projects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Political Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Public health, Food production, Transport, Waste management, Greenhouse gas emissions
Language:English
Date:June 2008
Deposited On:14 May 2014 08:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:50
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0921-8009
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.09.004
Official URL:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092180090700479X
Related URLs:http://ac.els-cdn.com/S092180090700479X/1-s2.0-S092180090700479X-main.pdf?_tid=3c9c4f68-c3e4-11e3-8329-00000aab0f26&acdnat=1397487258_a13307840512b0b71b1bcb7db16f2201

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