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Oral health and oral quality of life in inactive patients with familial Mediterranean fever without amyloidosis


Sogur, Elif; Önem, Erinç; Kalfa, Melike; Emmungil, Hakan; Bostancı, Nagihan; Aksu, Kenan; Baksı, B Güniz; Keser, Gökhan; Direskeneli, Haner; Mumcu, Gonca (2013). Oral health and oral quality of life in inactive patients with familial Mediterranean fever without amyloidosis. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 31(3 Suppl 77):15-19.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate oral and general health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) disease.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 45 patients with FMF, 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC), and 50 patients with Behçet's disease (BD) as the disease control group were included. FMF disease activity was evaluated by using the FMF-severity score, as well as with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and serum C-reactive protein and fibrinogen levels. Oral health-related QoL and general QoL were evaluated using oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) and Medical Outcomes Short-Form Health Survey Questionnaire 36 (SF-36), respectively.
RESULTS: Only the numbers of extracted teeth (4.13±4.72 vs. 1.55±3.6) and filled teeth (2.33±3.19 vs. 0.66±1.46) were significantly higher in FMF group compared to HC group (p=0.005 and p=0.013, respectively). OHIP-14 score was significantly higher in FMF and BD groups compared to HC group. In FMF patients, OHIP-14 score was positively correlated with the number of extracted teeth (r=0.38, p=0.010), while the number of carious teeth was positively correlated with ESR (r=0.43, p=0.003). When FMF patients were sub-classified according to disease severity, no significant difference was observed with respect to oral health status.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with FMF, some of the parameters of oral health status were found to be worse compared to HC group. Tooth loss appears to be to be a critical factor contributing to impaired oral QoL. In general, oral health status in FMF patients is better than in BD patients.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate oral and general health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) disease.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 45 patients with FMF, 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC), and 50 patients with Behçet's disease (BD) as the disease control group were included. FMF disease activity was evaluated by using the FMF-severity score, as well as with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and serum C-reactive protein and fibrinogen levels. Oral health-related QoL and general QoL were evaluated using oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) and Medical Outcomes Short-Form Health Survey Questionnaire 36 (SF-36), respectively.
RESULTS: Only the numbers of extracted teeth (4.13±4.72 vs. 1.55±3.6) and filled teeth (2.33±3.19 vs. 0.66±1.46) were significantly higher in FMF group compared to HC group (p=0.005 and p=0.013, respectively). OHIP-14 score was significantly higher in FMF and BD groups compared to HC group. In FMF patients, OHIP-14 score was positively correlated with the number of extracted teeth (r=0.38, p=0.010), while the number of carious teeth was positively correlated with ESR (r=0.43, p=0.003). When FMF patients were sub-classified according to disease severity, no significant difference was observed with respect to oral health status.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with FMF, some of the parameters of oral health status were found to be worse compared to HC group. Tooth loss appears to be to be a critical factor contributing to impaired oral QoL. In general, oral health status in FMF patients is better than in BD patients.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:14 May 2014 11:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:50
Publisher:Pacini Editore SpA
ISSN:0392-856X
Official URL:http://www.clinexprheumatol.org/pubmed/find-pii.asp?pii=23557976
PubMed ID:23557976

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