Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Self-organization and emergence in social systems. Modeling the coevolution of social environments and cooperative behavior


Helbing, Dirk; Yu, Wenjian; Rauhut, Heiko (2011). Self-organization and emergence in social systems. Modeling the coevolution of social environments and cooperative behavior. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 35(1):177-208.

Abstract

We demonstrate with computational simulation scenarios how social environments and individual behavior coevolve and how fundamentally different macro-effects emerge, when separate micromechanisms are combined. Our framework considers social interactions among agents on a spatial grid or in networks. In the Prisoner’s Dilemma, neither imitation of more successful strategies nor the migration to more favorable locations can promote cooperation. However, when both microscopic mechanisms are combined, they cause the segregation of cooperators and defectors, and the self-organization of cooperative clusters on the macro-level. These are robust to randomness, while cooperation may break down in a ‘‘globalized society’’. The implications for the evolution of norms and institutions are discussed.

Abstract

We demonstrate with computational simulation scenarios how social environments and individual behavior coevolve and how fundamentally different macro-effects emerge, when separate micromechanisms are combined. Our framework considers social interactions among agents on a spatial grid or in networks. In the Prisoner’s Dilemma, neither imitation of more successful strategies nor the migration to more favorable locations can promote cooperation. However, when both microscopic mechanisms are combined, they cause the segregation of cooperators and defectors, and the self-organization of cooperative clusters on the macro-level. These are robust to randomness, while cooperation may break down in a ‘‘globalized society’’. The implications for the evolution of norms and institutions are discussed.

Statistics

Citations

17 citations in Web of Science®
25 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:29 Apr 2014 13:03
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:51
Publisher:Taylor & Francis Inc.
ISSN:0022-250X
Additional Information:Triple special issue on Micro-Macro Links and Micro-Foundations
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/0022250X.2010.532258

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher