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Estonia Country Report


Ruus, Jüri (2000). Estonia Country Report. c2d Working Papers Series 8, Centre for Democracy Studies Aarau (ZDA) at the University of Zurich.

Abstract

Estonia has been economically and politically one of the most successful post-socialist states. Although the movement toward independence was purposeful, the solution came thanks to a great historical opportunity- the Moscow putch in august 1991. Although the independence of the Baltic states shook the stability in the region, it enabled those states to take a course toward democracy and market economy and lay basis to new democracy. In the Baltic states referendums betowed legitimacy on independence movements by allowing them to counter claims that their desire for independence was extremist or a minority opinion. In the best circumstances, elites took them seriously and tried to find a peaceful path to independence. In the worst circumstances, elites countered with force. In the USSR for example, the referendums in the Baltic states in February and march 1991 probably caused Gorbatchev to rethink its strategy for the union treaty, but they also contributed to their reactionary coup attempt of august 1991. The failure of this coup then made it possible for the Baltic and other republics to leave the Soviet Union.

Abstract

Estonia has been economically and politically one of the most successful post-socialist states. Although the movement toward independence was purposeful, the solution came thanks to a great historical opportunity- the Moscow putch in august 1991. Although the independence of the Baltic states shook the stability in the region, it enabled those states to take a course toward democracy and market economy and lay basis to new democracy. In the Baltic states referendums betowed legitimacy on independence movements by allowing them to counter claims that their desire for independence was extremist or a minority opinion. In the best circumstances, elites took them seriously and tried to find a peaceful path to independence. In the worst circumstances, elites countered with force. In the USSR for example, the referendums in the Baltic states in February and march 1991 probably caused Gorbatchev to rethink its strategy for the union treaty, but they also contributed to their reactionary coup attempt of august 1991. The failure of this coup then made it possible for the Baltic and other republics to leave the Soviet Union.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:Working Paper Series > C2D Working Paper Series
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
340 Law
900 History
Language:English
Date:2000
Deposited On:09 May 2014 13:14
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 05:39
Series Name:c2d Working Papers Series
Number of Pages:15
ISSN:1662-8152 (E)

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