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Bulgaria Country Report


Smilov, Daniel (2000). Bulgaria Country Report. c2d Working Papers Series 11, Centre for Democracy Studies Aarau (ZDA) at the University of Zurich.

Abstract

The 1991 Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria proclaimed the principle of people's sovereignty in Article 1(2): "the whole power of the state stems from the people. It is exercised by the people directly, and through the bodies envisaged by the Constitution". However, the constitutional practice developed in the country, and the laws adopted since 1991, have rendered the direct forms of democracy largely inoperative, especially at the national level. The forms of direct democracy have been diminished to an instrument of party politics, an instrument, which, for the last ten years, has fallen into disuse. Direct democracy cannot be, even theoretically, an effective check to representative democracy in Bulgaria, because the adopted legislation on national referenda and plebiscites allows for the representative bodies of state power to determine both the subject-matter and the timing of any national popular vote: in fact, they have an effective veto on every proposal for referendum. In what follows I will discuss the legal arrangements envisaged by these documents as well as the practices in the sphere of direct democracy developed in Bulgaria since 1989.

Abstract

The 1991 Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria proclaimed the principle of people's sovereignty in Article 1(2): "the whole power of the state stems from the people. It is exercised by the people directly, and through the bodies envisaged by the Constitution". However, the constitutional practice developed in the country, and the laws adopted since 1991, have rendered the direct forms of democracy largely inoperative, especially at the national level. The forms of direct democracy have been diminished to an instrument of party politics, an instrument, which, for the last ten years, has fallen into disuse. Direct democracy cannot be, even theoretically, an effective check to representative democracy in Bulgaria, because the adopted legislation on national referenda and plebiscites allows for the representative bodies of state power to determine both the subject-matter and the timing of any national popular vote: in fact, they have an effective veto on every proposal for referendum. In what follows I will discuss the legal arrangements envisaged by these documents as well as the practices in the sphere of direct democracy developed in Bulgaria since 1989.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:Working Paper Series > C2D Working Paper Series
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
340 Law
900 History
Language:English
Date:2000
Deposited On:09 May 2014 13:23
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 05:39
Series Name:c2d Working Papers Series
Number of Pages:18
ISSN:1662-8152 (E)

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