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Diagnostic issues in bipolar disorder


Angst, Jules; Gamma, Alex; Benazzi, Franco; Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Eich, Dominique; Rössler, Wulf (2003). Diagnostic issues in bipolar disorder. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 13(Suppl 2):43-50.

Abstract

Bipolar disorder is a highly recurrent and chronic psychiatric condition that shortens life expectancy, causes functional impairment and disruption to social, work and family life. Several forms of bipolar disorder are recognised, including both bipolar I and bipolar II disorder. Bipolar I is characterised by recurrent episodes of depression and mania whereas bipolar II disorder is characterised by recurrent depression and hypomania, a milder form of mania. There has been debate concerning the definition of hypomania since at least the 1970s. The main areas of argument focus on the minimum duration of hypomania, its stem criteria and the number of symptoms required for diagnosis. Arriving at the correct definition of hypomania is a key diagnostic issue. There is increasing evidence for the existence of a broad spectrum of bipolar disorders, and data demonstrating the clinical validity of modifying some of the criteria for hypomania are reviewed here.

Abstract

Bipolar disorder is a highly recurrent and chronic psychiatric condition that shortens life expectancy, causes functional impairment and disruption to social, work and family life. Several forms of bipolar disorder are recognised, including both bipolar I and bipolar II disorder. Bipolar I is characterised by recurrent episodes of depression and mania whereas bipolar II disorder is characterised by recurrent depression and hypomania, a milder form of mania. There has been debate concerning the definition of hypomania since at least the 1970s. The main areas of argument focus on the minimum duration of hypomania, its stem criteria and the number of symptoms required for diagnosis. Arriving at the correct definition of hypomania is a key diagnostic issue. There is increasing evidence for the existence of a broad spectrum of bipolar disorders, and data demonstrating the clinical validity of modifying some of the criteria for hypomania are reviewed here.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2003
Deposited On:21 May 2014 14:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:52
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0924-977X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-977X(03)00077-4

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