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Synchronic and diachronic factors in the change from pre-aspiration to post-aspiration in Andalusian Spanish


Ruch, Hanna; Harrington, Jonathan (2014). Synchronic and diachronic factors in the change from pre-aspiration to post-aspiration in Andalusian Spanish. Journal of Phonetics, 45:12-25.

Abstract

The study is concerned with the mechanisms by which pre-and post-aspiration are related synchronically and diachronically in Andalusian Spanish. An analysis of isolated word productions by 24 speakers of a Western Andalusian and by 24 of an Eastern Andalusian variety each divided into two age groups provided evidence for a sound change in progress: younger speakers and those of the Western Andalusian variety were more likely to produce /st/ with a shorter pre-aspiration and with a longer post-aspiration phase than their older and Eastern Andalusian counterparts. The results of further between-group duration analyses show that the sound change cannot be entirely explained by a realignment from an anti-phase to an in-phase timing relationship between the closure and glottal opening; they also provide evidence for the development of a trading relationship between the duration of the closure and the duration of post-aspiration. In order to test whether perceptual factors might have contributed to this sound change, a perception experiment was carried out. Listeners of Argentinian Spanish judged stimuli of a minimal pair pasta-pata with variable pre-aspiration duration in a forced-choice perception test. When the continuum was synthesized with a slightly post-aspirated stop release, listeners were more inclined to perceive pasta, which suggests that post-aspiration is parsed with pre-aspiration and serves as a cue for the underlying /st/ even in a non-post-aspirating variety of Spanish.

Abstract

The study is concerned with the mechanisms by which pre-and post-aspiration are related synchronically and diachronically in Andalusian Spanish. An analysis of isolated word productions by 24 speakers of a Western Andalusian and by 24 of an Eastern Andalusian variety each divided into two age groups provided evidence for a sound change in progress: younger speakers and those of the Western Andalusian variety were more likely to produce /st/ with a shorter pre-aspiration and with a longer post-aspiration phase than their older and Eastern Andalusian counterparts. The results of further between-group duration analyses show that the sound change cannot be entirely explained by a realignment from an anti-phase to an in-phase timing relationship between the closure and glottal opening; they also provide evidence for the development of a trading relationship between the duration of the closure and the duration of post-aspiration. In order to test whether perceptual factors might have contributed to this sound change, a perception experiment was carried out. Listeners of Argentinian Spanish judged stimuli of a minimal pair pasta-pata with variable pre-aspiration duration in a forced-choice perception test. When the continuum was synthesized with a slightly post-aspirated stop release, listeners were more inclined to perceive pasta, which suggests that post-aspiration is parsed with pre-aspiration and serves as a cue for the underlying /st/ even in a non-post-aspirating variety of Spanish.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:08 University Research Priority Programs > Language and Space
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pre-aspiration /s/-Aspiration Sound change Andalusian Spanish VOT
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:22 May 2014 07:22
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 05:43
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0095-4470
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation, Linguistisches Internationales Promotionsprogramm, LMU München
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2014.02.009
Related URLs:http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-phonetics/

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