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The world’s highest vascular epiphytes found in the Peruvian Andes


Sylvester, Steven P; Sylvester, Mitsy D P V; Kessler, Michael (2014). The world’s highest vascular epiphytes found in the Peruvian Andes. Alpine Botany, 124(2):179-185.

Abstract

The highest elevation epiphytic vascular plant flora ever recorded on a worldwide basis is described from the Cordillera Vilcabamba, southern Peruvian Andes. Three species of fern (Melpomene, Polypodium: Polypodiaceae) were recorded from Polylepis pepei forests at elevations above 4,250 m, with Melpomene peruviana reaching almost 4,550 m. A new high-elevation world record for arboreal hemiparasites is also documented, with Tristerix longebracteatus (Loranthaceae) being found at c.4,620 m. Climatic conditions of these sites were assessed and are discussed in the light of existing hypotheses on the abiotic conditions limiting epiphytism.

Abstract

The highest elevation epiphytic vascular plant flora ever recorded on a worldwide basis is described from the Cordillera Vilcabamba, southern Peruvian Andes. Three species of fern (Melpomene, Polypodium: Polypodiaceae) were recorded from Polylepis pepei forests at elevations above 4,250 m, with Melpomene peruviana reaching almost 4,550 m. A new high-elevation world record for arboreal hemiparasites is also documented, with Tristerix longebracteatus (Loranthaceae) being found at c.4,620 m. Climatic conditions of these sites were assessed and are discussed in the light of existing hypotheses on the abiotic conditions limiting epiphytism.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:22 May 2014 13:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:53
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1664-221X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00035-014-0130-2

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