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Components and determinants of the shift between the own persona and the clown persona: A hierarchical analysis


Dionigi, Alberto; Ruch, Willibald; Platt, Tracey (2013). Components and determinants of the shift between the own persona and the clown persona: A hierarchical analysis. European Journal of Humour Research, 1(4):58-80.

Abstract

Working in health settings as a clown requires the ability to differentiate between the own persona and the clown persona and to stay in the role, despite a variety of challenging situations. This passage requires a cognitive shift that can be interfered with, or facilitated, by several variables. This study aims at operationalising the components involved in the shift and relating them to psychological characteristics and other relevant aspects of the training necessary to become a clinic clown. A preliminary 34-item version of the Clown Shift Questionnaire (CSQ) was developed and administered to a sample of 130 Italian clinic clowns. Relevant information such as sociodemographic characteristics, various aspects related to the training received such as length, issues taught, internship carried out, psychological knowledge, and competences in clowning were collected. Four dimensions in the shifting process were identified: reflective awareness, positive beliefs, interference, and anxiety. These dimensions represent a profile of individual differences that may be used to predict the success of the clown intervention. Reflective awareness positively correlates with the aspects related to the training and the years of clown activity, while positive beliefs is a dimension not related to training. Anxiety is higher among females and younger people and correlates negatively with training aspects and years of activity. Interferences are more frequent among those who received higher psychological knowledge and lead to less satisfaction. Further implications for using the concepts of CSQ in research and in the work of clowns in health settings are discussed.

Abstract

Working in health settings as a clown requires the ability to differentiate between the own persona and the clown persona and to stay in the role, despite a variety of challenging situations. This passage requires a cognitive shift that can be interfered with, or facilitated, by several variables. This study aims at operationalising the components involved in the shift and relating them to psychological characteristics and other relevant aspects of the training necessary to become a clinic clown. A preliminary 34-item version of the Clown Shift Questionnaire (CSQ) was developed and administered to a sample of 130 Italian clinic clowns. Relevant information such as sociodemographic characteristics, various aspects related to the training received such as length, issues taught, internship carried out, psychological knowledge, and competences in clowning were collected. Four dimensions in the shifting process were identified: reflective awareness, positive beliefs, interference, and anxiety. These dimensions represent a profile of individual differences that may be used to predict the success of the clown intervention. Reflective awareness positively correlates with the aspects related to the training and the years of clown activity, while positive beliefs is a dimension not related to training. Anxiety is higher among females and younger people and correlates negatively with training aspects and years of activity. Interferences are more frequent among those who received higher psychological knowledge and lead to less satisfaction. Further implications for using the concepts of CSQ in research and in the work of clowns in health settings are discussed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:04 Jun 2014 14:12
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 05:57
Publisher:International Society for Humor Studies
ISSN:2307-700X
Official URL:http://www.europeanjournalofhumour.org/index.php/ejhr/article/view/44

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